Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.
What is the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem?
Ecological life support—biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreational—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity, such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.
Ecosystem services are the goods and services that biodiversity provides. They include soil formation, the provision of food and fibre, air quality and climate regulation, the regulation of water supply and quality and the cultural and aesthetic value of certain plants and species.
What are the major roles of biodiversity in society?
Biodiversity plays an important role in ecosystem functions that provide supporting, provisioning, regulating, and cultural services. These services are essential for human well-being.
Which ecosystem services can also affect the biodiversity of an ecosystem?
Figure 4 shows a simplified diagram of how changes in biodiversity are predicted to affect four types of ecosystem services: regulating, cultural-information (including aspects such as cultural heritage, education, etc.), cultural-recreational and provisioning.
What is the economic role of biodiversity?
Biodiversity provides high variety of food: crops, livestock, forestry, and fish are important food source of human species. … Wild species and varieties can supply genes for improving domesticated species by improving their yield, disease resistance, tolerance and vigor; this can increase the profit of farming.
What is meant by ecosystem biodiversity?
Ecosystem biodiversity refers to the variety of ecosystems, by their nature and number, where living species interact with their environment and with each other. For example, on Earth, there are different ecosystems, each with their specificities like deserts, oceans, lakes, plains or forests.
Does biodiversity provide ecosystem services?
Summary. Soil biodiversity is the basis for many ecosystem services that people depend upon such as food and fiber. Whether soil species loss will affect the provision of ecosystem services has been of increasing interest and research.
Can biodiversity be considered an ecosystem service?
Biodiversity plays a specific role in the existence and long-term maintenance of ecosystem functions, which are keys to the provision of ecosystem services. Therefore biodiversity certainly does contribute to the generation of ecosystem services, and manifold links can be observed.
Why are supporting services important to the ecosystem?
Providing living spaces for plants or animals and maintaining a diversity of plants and animals, are ‘supporting services’ and the basis of all ecosystems and their services. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries are influenced and influence all types of ecosystem services.