The climate of a region depends on many factors including the amount of sunlight it receives, its height above sea level, the shape of the land, and how close it is to oceans. Since the equator receives more sunlight than the poles, climate varies depending on its distance from the equator.
Are there different climates on earth?
Different parts of the world have different climates. Some parts of the world are hot and rainy nearly every day. They have a tropical wet climate. Others are cold and snow-covered most of the year.
What causes the three different climate zones on Earth?
Farther north and south, the ice caps that make up Greenland and Antarctica represent a sub-zone of the polar climate region known as the ice cap zone.
Why does the climate differ from place to place?
Essentially, there arc two main reasons that climate varies from place to place; first, the amount of energy arriving from the sun, and second the circulation of the atmosphere and oceans which carry heat and moisture from one placc to another.
What is climate short answer?
Climate is the average weather in a given area over a longer period of time. A description of a climate includes information on, e.g. the average temperature in different seasons, rainfall, and sunshine. Also a description of the (chance of) extremes is often included.
How is climate different from weather?
Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.
What are the different types of climate change?
These phenomena include the increased temperature trends described by global warming, but also encompass changes such as sea-level rise; ice mass loss in Greenland, Antarctica, the Arctic and mountain glaciers worldwide; shifts in flower/plant blooming; and extreme weather events.”
Why does climate change affect different places on earth in different ways?
Changes in Earth’s climate have different effects in different areas of the world. Some places will warm much more than others, some regions will receive more rainfall, while others are exposed to more frequent droughts. Regional changes in temperature and precipitation are having impacts on people and ecosystems.
Why do temperatures vary?
The temperature in a certain place is influenced by four main factors. … Other factors include the location’s proximity to a body of water, the temperature of ocean currents if the location is near the coast, and the location’s elevation above sea level.
How many different climates are there in the world?
The types of climates are: Tropical, Desert/dry, Temperate, Polar, Mediterranean. Polar climate (also called boreal climate), has long, usually very cold winters, and short summers. Temperate climates have four seasons. Some of the countries which have a temperate climate are: most of the European countries.
What is climate change Kid definition?
Climate change describes a change in the average conditions — such as temperature and rainfall — in a region over a long period of time. … These include warming temperatures and changes in precipitation, as well as the effects of Earth’s warming, such as: Rising sea levels. Shrinking mountain glaciers.
How is climate formed?
The temperature difference sets the ocean and atmosphere in motion as they work together to distribute heat around the planet. Movement of heat by the atmosphere and ocean gives rise to climate and weather.