What is the status of the Philippine biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.

What is the status of biodiversity?

Biodiversity is declining rapidly due to land use change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution. These result from demographic, economic, sociopolitical, cultural, technological, and other indirect drivers.

What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?

Because of the isolation of some of the islands of the Philippines since the Pleistocene era, Philippine forests are home to numerous endemic life forms. Rapid deforestation, transformation of mangrove swamps, and destruction of coral reefs all point to significant loss of biodiversity.

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Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?

The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.

What is the current state of the Philippine ecological system?

The Philippines is suffering from degradation of the natural environment. It has fifty major rivers now polluted due to abuse and neglect. Approximately two-thirds of the country’s original mangroves have been lost. A hundred years ago, the Philippines had close to 22 million hectares of old growth forest.

Why is Philippines considered to be a biodiversity hotspot?

Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot

It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.

How do we protect Philippine biodiversity?

Project Goals

  1. Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
  2. Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
  3. Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.

Why is biodiversity important in the Philippines?

The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services. It provides food, water, energy sources, pharmaceuticals, biomass fuels, carbon sequestration and climate regulation, crop pollination, cultural and spiritual inspiration and ecotourism value.

Why is the Philippines known to have one of the richest marine biodiversity in the world?

The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.

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What are the projects of the government in the Philippines to preserve biodiversity and environment?

The Protect Wildlife Project was launched in 2016 in collaboration with Conservation International, USAID, and other partners to combat the threats to wildlife and the causes of biodiversity loss in the Philippines while taking into consideration environmental threats such as habitat loss, unsustainable harvesting, and …

How is it important to every Filipino recognizes the Philippines as one of major megadiverse nation?

As a megadiverse country, the Philippines is recognized with its rich biodiversity. It has the most diverse life forms on a per unit area. Its biodiversity, composed of various flora and fauna, provides resources to meet basic needs for human survival, promotes economic development and offers environmental services.

What are the issues in the Philippines 2020?

PHILIPPINES 2020

  • Extrajudicial executions and impunity. …
  • Repression of dissent. …
  • Freedom of expression. …
  • Freedoms of assembly and association. …
  • Right to health. …
  • Abuses by armed groups. …
  • Death penalty. …
  • Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people.

What are the current environmental issues in the Philippines?

Other environmental problems that the country is facing include pollution, illegal mining and logging, deforestation, dynamite fishing, landslides, coastal erosion, wildlife extinction, global warming and climate change.

What are the current social issues in the Philippines?

Poverty, lack of education, drug or substance abuse, vice, crime and unemployment are among the many problems that continue to batter them. Likewis:e, recent issues on the rising number of street children in urban centers, child abuse, forced-labor and pedophilia are quite alarming, aggravating the plight of the youth.

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