What is biodiversity many type of flora and fauna in one forest?
(i) Biodiversity refers to the different species of flora and fauna present in an area. (ii) Biodiversity refers to only the flora of a given area. (iii) Biodiversity is greater in a forest. (iv) Biodiversity refers to the total number of individuals of a particular species living in an area.
What is biodiversity of flora and fauna?
Biodiversity is one measure of the health of biological systems. Life on earth today consists of many millions of distinct biological species. … Most species that have existed on earth are now extinct.
What defines biodiversity?
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
What are flora and fauna of a forest?
Flora and fauna of different kinds of forests
1. … Flora: Evergreen trees, bamboos, ferns, shrubs. Fauna: Jungle cats, leopards, monkeys, flying squirrels, snakes, centipedes, millipedes, many snakes, snails, etc.
What is the biodiversity of a forest?
Forest biological diversity is a broad term that refers to all life forms found within forested areas and the ecological roles they perform. … In biologically diverse forests, this complexity allows organisms to adapt to continually changing environmental conditions and to maintain ecosystem functions.
What are the types of flora?
Flora can be subdivided into special classifications: native flora, weed flora, and horticultural flora. Native flora obviously refers to the indigenous or native flora in a specific area. Horticultural flora refers to the flora that is cultivated by humans for use, so it refers to agricultural plants.
What are types of biodiversity?
Types of Biodiversity. Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
What is biodiversity class 10?
Biodiversity is the number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that are living in an ecosystem. Biodiversity is a measure of the variety of organisms that exist in different ecosystems. Bio means ‘life’, diversity means ‘variety’. The species is the fundamental unit by which we can measure biodiversity.
What is flora and fauna for Class 10?
All the species of plants and trees found in a region are collectively called the flora of the region. The species of animals found in a region are collectively called the fauna of the region.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.
What is biodiversity class 12?
Biodiversity can be defined as the occurrence of different types of genes, gene pools, species, habitats and ecosystem in a given region. (i) The term biodiversity was given by a socio biologist Edward Wilson to describe the combined diversity at all the levels of biological organisation.
What is biodiversity with example?
Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
How many flora are there in India?
The flora of India is one of the richest in the world due to the wide range of climate, topology and habitat in the country. There are estimated to be over 18,000 species of flowering plants in India, which constitute some 6-7 percent of the total plant species in the world.
What is the flora of the forest?
Flora refers to the various plants and fungi that can be found in The Forest. Some species can be found in the Nature Guide book in the Flora sections.
What is flora and fauna conservation?
Wildlife conservation refers to the practice of protecting wild species and their habitats in order to maintain healthy wildlife species or populations and to restore, protect or enhance natural ecosystems.