What is the biodiversity in India?
India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
What is called biodiversity?
More in Center for Biodiversity & Conservation. The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
Why is there biodiversity in India?
This diversity can be attributed to the vast variety of landforms and climates resulting in habitats ranging from tropical to temperate, and from alpine to desert. The number of plant species in India is estimated to be over 45,523 representing about 11.8 per cent of the world’s flora.
Where is biodiversity in India?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
How many biodiversity are there in India?
Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
What is biodiversity What is its usefulness describe biodiversity of India?
Biodiversity describes the richness and variety of life on earth. It is the most complex and important feature of our planet. Without biodiversity, life would not sustain. The term biodiversity was coined in 1985. It is important in natural as well as artificial ecosystems.
What is biodiversity summary?
Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans.
What is biodiversity introduction?
Biodiversity is the biological variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity is a measure of variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level. … These tropical forest ecosystems cover less than ten percent of earth’s surface, and contain about ninety percent of the world’s species.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What is biodiversity Upsc?
Biodiversity – Species, Genetics & Ecosystem Biodiversity [UPSC Notes] Biodiversity can be defined as a community of all the living organisms on the earth and the diversity among them from all the ecosystems. Biodiversity is thus the variability between the species, within the species, and between the ecosystem.
Why India is called mega biodiversity?
The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.
Which state in India has maximum biodiversity?
The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.