Amazonia represents the quintessence of biodiversity – the richest ecosystem on earth. Yet a study by Smithsonian scientists, published this week in the journal Science, shows that differences in species composition of tropical forests are greater over distance in Panama than in Amazonia.
Where is biodiversity at its highest?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
When was biodiversity at its highest?
The tendency for species diversity to be greatest near the Equator developed 34 to 48 million years ago during the Eocene Epoch, Museum scientists have found. This global distribution pattern of species is a major feature of biodiversity today.
What is called biodiversity?
More in Center for Biodiversity & Conservation. The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is high biodiversity?
High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.
What is biodiversity class 8?
Biodiversity or Biological diversity: It refers to the variety or organisms existing on the earth. Their interrelationships and their relationship with the environment. It includes variety of plants, animals and microorganisms. Flora and Fauna: The plants found in a particular area are termed as flora area.
Where is biodiversity?
Biodiversity is essentially everywhere, ubiquitous on Earth’s surface and in every drop of its bodies of water.
What is biodiversity of a place?
Biodiversity refers to the variety of living organisms within a given area.
What is biodiversity for kids?
Biodiversity is the rich variety of life on Earth. There’s variety in genes, variety among species, and a variety of ecosystems. Everything is interconnected, or dependent on everything else!
What is an example of high biodiversity?
Examples of places with high biodiversity include rainforests and coral reefs, because they have many different species in an area. Less biodiverse areas include deserts, icy areas, and the bottom of the ocean. Organisms do exist in those places, but not as many as places with higher biodiversity.
What leads to high biodiversity?
Unique Climates and Conditions. One of the most significant and naturally occurring causes of differences in biodiversity across the world is differences in climate. … On the other extreme, moist, tropical zones like the Amazon rainforest support some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.
Why wetlands have a high biodiversity?
Wetlands have a high level of biodiversity because of the amount of resources available. The high levels of accessible water, nutrient levels, and primary productivity allow for a large number and variety of organisms at the base of the food web.