This is because the sun’s rays travel a shorter distance to the Equator (hitting the earth at less of an angle) and are therefore more concentrated, resulting in higher temperatures. However, in the higher latitudes, such as the polar regions of the world, temperatures are lowest.
How are temperatures in an equatorial climate?
Characteristics of Equatorial Climates
The average monthly temperatures are about 26 – 28 degrees Celsius. The annual temperature range (the difference between the average temperature of the hottest and coldest months) is very small. The annual temperature range may be as low as 3 degrees Celsius.
Which climate has less range of temperature?
Equatorial climatic region has the least temperature range. Equatorial climate is also referred to as tropical rainforest climate and is defined as a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.
Why has the equatorial region the hottest climate?
If we look at the shape of the earth, the earth is bulging and widest at the equator. Thus the equatorial region received the direct rays of the sun when the sun is overhead unlike the polar regions which receives the slanting rays of the sun. Thus the equatorial region is the hottest on the earth.
Why are temperatures high in equatorial regions?
The sun-rays fall directly and there is more rainfall in the equatorial region. This is the reason behind which are high temperatures and humidity in this region.
Which place is the coldest Why?
Oymyakon is the coldest permanently-inhabited place on Earth and is found in the Arctic Circle’s Northern Pole of Cold. In 1933, it recorded its lowest temperature of -67.7°C.
What is a temperature range in climate?
Annual temperature range
The annual range is defined as the difference between the hottest and coldest months, taking monthly mean temperatures in each case. It is given approximately by the difference between the average of the January maximum and minimum temperatures, and the corresponding average for July (6).
Which location would have the lowest air pressure?
The lowest measurable sea-level pressure is found at the centers of tropical cyclones and tornadoes, with a record low of 870 mbar (87 kPa; 26 inHg).
Why does the equatorial forest region have hot and wet climate explain?
The sun being overhead throughout the year and the presence of Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (INTCZ) make the climate hot and humid. Annual range of temperature is very low and annual rainfall is high.
What is the temperature of equatorial region?
wet equatorial climate, major climate type of the Köppen classification characterized by consistently high temperatures (around 30 °C [86 °F]), with plentiful precipitation (150–1,000 cm [59–394 inches]), heavy cloud cover, and high humidity, with very little annual temperature variation.
Why does temperature decrease with altitude?
As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands), and the temperature decreases.
Why are equatorial regions warmest and polar regions coldest?
Due to the spherical shape of the Earth, sunlight falls on different parts at different angles. Direct and focussed sun rays falls on the equator and hence, the regions here are hotter and warmer. The polar regions receive diffused sun rays, which is why the areas there are colder.