Climate can be affected by mountains. Mountains receive more rainfall than low lying areas because as air is forced over the higher ground it cools, causing moist air to condense and fall out as rainfall. The higher the place is above sea level the colder it will be.
How does relief mountains affect climate?
The relief of mountains affects climate because they stand in the path of wind systems and force air to rise over them. As the air rises it cools, leading to higher precipitation on windward mountain slopes (orographic precipitation); as it descends leeward slopes it becomes warmer…
What factors affect the climate of a place?
Factors that affect the climate of a place:
- Latitude. …
- Elevation. …
- Ocean Currents. …
- Topography. …
- Vegetation. …
- Prevailing winds.
How does relief control Climate?
Relief can influence the amount of precipitation an area receives. When air is forced to rise over a mountain range, it cools and the moisture within it condenses. Clouds form and produce rain. This type of rainfall is called orographic rainfall or relief rainfall.
How does relief features affect climate of Asia?
Mountain Ranges: The mountain ranges of Asia running in the east west direction obstruct the path of rain bearing winds coming from the south and bring rain to the areas which lie on the windward side of the mountains. Further, the Himalayas act as a barrier to the cold winds rising from Central Asia.
How does the relief of an area affect the climate of a place Class 9?
Answer: The relief of a place affects the climate of a place when the high mountains act as barriers for cold and hot winds, e.g. the Himalayas. They also affect the amount of rainfall if they are very high. They force the wind to give heavy rain on the windward side and less rain on the leeward side.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What is the difference between relief and Climate?
When we speak of the elevation (height above sea level) of an area, we are also speaking of relief. The relief of an area can have a significant effect on the climate of that area. … Elevation has a marked effect on the temperature of an area. Generally speaking, temperature decreases with height in the lower atmosphere.
What is relief features in geography?
Relief features are not any pattern of drainage where water channels are available. … In the study of geography, the structure of relief means the highest and lowest elevation points that are based in a particular region. In the low-lying areas, there are elevated points such as Mountains, Ridges, and Valleys.
How does topographic relief influence the weather?
Land: Climate and Temperature. The topography of an area also helps determine the climate. This is because of ocean currents that carry masses of warm or cool air to coastal locations. … Areas near oceans and large lakes have smaller temperature ranges than landlocked, or continental, areas.
What’s the hottest place in the world?
Death Valley, California, USA
The aptly named Furnace Creek currently holds the record for hottest air temperature ever recorded. The desert valley reached highs of 56.7C in the summer of 1913, which would apparently push the limits of human survival.
How does ocean currents affect the climate of Asia?
How Do Ocean Currents Affect Climate? Horizontal currents moving northward or southward may carry warmed or cooled water for very long distance. The displaced warm water raises the temperature of the air while the cold water cools the air, and the land surface where the blows.
What factors affect the climate of Asia?
The main factors that affect the climate of Asia are :
- Size and latitudinal extent: Asia is the largest continent with a large east-west extent. …
- Distance from the sea: Many parts of Asia are far away from the maritime influence of the seas and oceans and experience extreme conditions and continental climate.