How does biodiversity change as you move away from the equator?

“Species diversity decreases as we move away from the equator towards the poles. … This results in decrease in biodiversity towards the poles.

How does the equator affect biodiversity?

There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.

Why does biodiversity increase as you get closer to the equator?

Having more energy available in this area means more consumers can be supported. That the are is relatively stable in terms of environment when compared to polar regions has also been suggested as a reason for increased biodiversity at the equator. This stability has meant species are less likely to go extinct.

What is the effect on biodiversity when we move from pole to equator?

Species diversity is higher at the equator than at the poles. In biological terms, this is referred to as the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), in which the number of species increases from the poles to the Equator.

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How ecosystem productivity decrease as we move away from equator?

The intensity of sun light decreases as we move away from the equator towards the poles and hence productivity. 3. In polar regions the temperature is very low so most of the organisms cannot survive in that habitat.

What happens when biodiversity increases?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

Why does biodiversity increase towards the tropics?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

How does biodiversity contribute to the sustainability of an ecosystem?

The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem. A great variety of genes and species means that the ecosystem is better able to carry out natural processes in the face of external stress. Thus, the ecosystem is more sustainable.

How does biodiversity contribute to life?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

Is biodiversity has no effect on change in latitude?

HEY THE ANSWER IS THAT. BIO DIVERSITY IS DECREASE TOWARDS THE EQUATOR.

Which of the following is major cause of loss of biodiversity?

Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming. In each case, human beings and their activities play direct roles.

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When we move away from equator the size of the parallels of latitudes?

The length of latitude slowly decreases towards the poles due to the rotation of the earth because as the earth rotates a centrifugal force is generated which causes change in its shape that makes it oblate spheroid. Note: Latitude lines are extensive circles, with the middle at 0° and the pole at 90°.

What are the 3 levels of biodiversity?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.