Marine Ecosystem-Based Management seeks to manage marine resources in ways that protect ecosystem health while providing the ecosystem services needed by people.
What is ecosystem management concept?
Ecosystem management is an approach to natural resource management that aims to ensure the long-term sustainability and persistence of an ecosystems function and services while meeting socioeconomic, political, and cultural needs.
What is ecosystem management and why is it important?
The management and protection of ecosystems is essential for the functioning of ecosphere processes and for the wellbeing of the biotic and abiotic components of the Earth. Attempts to manage and protect ecosystems and biodiversity range over a variety of scales.
What are the basic principles of ecosystem based management?
Fifteen Key Principles were identified (in descending frequency of appearance in the literature): Consider Ecosystem Connections, Appropriate Spatial & Temporal Scales, Adaptive Management, Use of Scientific Knowledge, Integrated Management, Stakeholder Involvement, Account for Dynamic Nature of Ecosystems, Ecological …
What are the 4 types of marine ecosystems?
Although there is some disagreement, several types of marine ecosystems are largely agreed on: estuaries, salt marshes, mangrove forests, coral reefs, the open ocean, and the deep-sea ocean. An estuary is a coastal zone where oceans meets rivers.
What are the 7 pillars of ecosystem management?
But in the definitions of ecosystem management, there are some new words—ecosystem and community sustainability, ecosystem health, ecosystem integrity, biological diversity, social values, social principles. The new words are where differences arise and it is from these words that I will develop the pillars.
How can we improve ecosystem management?
There must be a deliberate focus on introducing incentives to reduce emissions, ease existing pressures on ecosystems and support changes that increase environmental resilience and resource sustainability, including incentives for increased land and water protection.
What is ecosystem management PDF?
Ecosystem Management (EM) is a new holistic approach to the management of natural resources. It integrates the scientificknowledge on ecological interrelationships and the complex socioeconomic and political frame of values, aiming at the long-term sustainability of a region, i.e., the ecosystem.
What are the different types of ecosystem?
The different types of the ecosystem include:
- Terrestrial ecosystem.
- Forest ecosystem.
- Grassland ecosystem.
- Desert ecosystem.
- Tundra ecosystem.
- Freshwater ecosystem.
- Marine ecosystem.
What are some examples of marine ecosystems?
Marine ecosystems include: the abyssal plain (areas like deep sea coral, whale falls, and brine pools), polar regions such as the Antarctic and Arctic, coral reefs, the deep sea (such as the community found in the abyssal water column), hydrothermal vents, kelp forests, mangroves, the open ocean, rocky shores, salt …
Why is marine ecosystem important?
Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation.
What are the 3 zones of an ocean?
The ocean is generally divided into three zones which are named based on the amount of sunlight they receive: the euphotic, dysphotic, and aphotic zones.
- Euphotic Zone (Sunlight Zone or Epipelagic Zone) …
- Dysphotic Zone (Twilight Zone or Mesopelagic Zone) …
- Aphotic Zone (Bathypelagic, Abyssopelagic, and Hadopelagic Zones)