Author Andrea Wulf on Alexander von Humboldt, ‘founding father’ of environmentalism. There are more places in the world named after Prussian explorer and naturalist Alexander von Humboldt than anyone else. Rivers, waterfalls, glaciers, mountains, lakes, bays, counties, and towns across the globe carry his name.
Who is the founding father of environmentalism and what are his contributions?
Dasmann, 83; a Founding Father of Environmentalism. Raymond F. Dasmann, whose research and writings about threats to the natural world helped mold the modern environmental movement, died of pneumonia Tuesday in Santa Cruz.
What did Humboldt discover?
Humboldt and Bonpland discovered and mapped the Casiquiare Canal, the only natural canal in the world that connects two major rivers (the Orinoco River and the Negro River, a tributary of the Amazon).
How did Alexander von Humboldt influence American ideas of nature and the environment?
Acclaimed for his groundbreaking concept of the unity of nature—the idea that everything on the planet is interconnected in “one great whole”—Humboldt’s work had particular resonance in the United States, a then-young nation with expansive natural resources. …
When was the very first Earth Day?
1 : a theory that views environment rather than heredity as the important factor in the development and especially the cultural and intellectual development of an individual or group. 2 : advocacy of the preservation, restoration, or improvement of the natural environment especially : the movement to control pollution.
Who discovered Humboldt current?
It is an eastern boundary current flowing in the direction of the equator, and extends 500–1,000 km (310–620 mi) offshore. The Humboldt Current is named after the German naturalist Alexander von Humboldt. In 1846, von Humboldt reported measurements of the cold-water current in his book Cosmos.
Who is Humboldt named after?
In April 1850, the Laura Virginia became the first American ship to enter the bay, the adventurers on board naming it Humboldt after the famous German scientist and explorer, Alexander von Humboldt. Soon fortune seekers flocked to the area by ship and over the mountains.
Was Alexander von Humboldt married?
In 1766, Alexander Georg married Maria Elisabeth Colomb, a well-educated woman and widow of Baron Hollwede, with whom she had a son. Alexander Georg and Maria Elisabeth had three children: a daughter, who died young, and then two sons, Wilhelm and Alexander.
What is Alexander von Humboldt most famous for?
Alexander von Humboldt was a scientist and explorer who founded the field of plant biogeography, the analysis of the distribution of plants throughout the world. Humboldt was born in Germany and apprenticed with several leading German botanists as a young man.
What is the Humboldt theory?
Humboldt believed that the university (and education in general, as in the Prussian education system) should enable students to become autonomous individuals and world citizens by developing their own reasoning powers in an environment of academic freedom.
What did Alexander von Humboldt do for ecology?
He was the first to take on the study of interactions and relationships between organisms and their biophysical environment (later known as ‘ecology’). Humboldt is considered be the ‘father’ of ecology, particularly for his work describing vegetation zones (geobotany) and climate using latitude and altitude.
Who founded Earth?
Senator Gaylord Nelson, the original founder of Earth Day, was honorary chairman for both groups.
Who founded Earth Day?
There were no legal or regulatory mechanisms to protect our environment. In spring 1970, Senator Gaylord Nelson created Earth Day as a way to force this issue onto the national agenda.
Why is Earth Day celebrated on April 22nd?
The April 22 date was selected in part because it fell between colleges’ spring break and final exams, and also from the observance of Arbor Day, which began in Nebraska in 1872, a day when people are encouraged to plant trees.