Wetlands have been called “biological super systems” because they produce great volumes of food that support a remarkable level of biodiversity. In terms of number and variety of species supported, they are as rich as rainforests and coral reefs. … 46 of the 59 mammal species in Illinois use wetlands to some extent.
What makes up a wetlands biodiversity?
An immense variety of species of microbes, plants, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish and mammals can be part of a wetland ecosystem. Climate, landscape shape (topology), geology and the movement and abundance of water help to determine the plants and animals that inhabit each wetland.
What is the biodiversity of wetlands?
Wetlands are considered among the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, serving as home to a wide range of unique plant and animal species. Methods for assessing wetland functions, wetland ecological health, and general wetland condition have been developed for many regions of the world.
Why are wetlands more diverse?
The reason why so many species choose to reside or breed in wetlands is because they are mostly covered by water and thus remain humid and moist for the most part of the year, making it a perfect haven for a wide variety of plants and birds such as geese, kingfishers, ducks, ibises, and sandpipers.
What makes a biodiversity?
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
How do wetlands maintain biodiversity?
Wetlands are highly productive and biologically diverse systems that enhance water quality, control erosion, maintain stream flows, sequester carbon, and provide a home to at least one third of all threatened and endangered species.
What factors contribute to high biodiversity?
What Factors Influence the Biodiversity of an Ecosystem?
- Overexploitation. Overexploitation means harvesting species more rapidly than populations can replenish themselves or to do so at unsustainable levels. …
- Habitat Loss. …
- Invasive Species. …
- Climate Change.
How does biodiversity and sustainability work together?
The biodiversity of an ecosystem contributes to the sustainability of that ecosystem. Higher/more biodiversity = more sustainable. Lower/less biodiversity = less sustainable. … The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem.
What does high biodiversity mean?
Biodiversity refers to the variety of life. When biodiversity is high, it means there are many different types of organisms and species. … And every organism plays a unique role and contributes to how coral reef communities survive and function.
Why is high biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What are the 3 components of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms.
What is biodiversity in your own words?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
What are types of biodiversity?
Types of Biodiversity. Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).