the Western Ghat is one of the most prevalent hotspot biodiversity of India. Explanation: This is because there is large number of forest in the Western Ghat which supports the growth of white number of creatures.
What are hotspots and hotspots in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
What is the most important biodiversity hotspot?
The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region.
What are hotspots in India?
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered?
An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.
What are three biodiversity hotspots?
Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know
- The Caribbean Islands. …
- The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
- Southeast Asia. …
- The Philippines. …
- The Horn of Africa. …
- Madagascar. …
- The California Coast.
What do all of the biodiversity hotspots have in common?
To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, an area must meet two strict criteria: Contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants found nowhere else on Earth (known as “endemic” species). Have lost at least 70 percent of its primary native vegetation.
Which is the hotspot of southern India?
The Freedom Fund’s hotspot in Tamil Nadu, southern India, aims to reduce bonded labour and exploitation in textiles, especially affecting girls, young women and migrant workers in spinning mills. This hotspot is made possible through funding from Laudes Foundation and UBS Optimus Foundation.
What is biodiversity hotspot give example?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots.
How many hotspots are there in India 2021?
Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.
Why India is a mega biodiversity country?
Biogeographically, India is situated at the tri-junction of three realms Afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them. This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity.
Why India is a mega diversity country?
India is known for its rich heritage of Biological diversity, having already documented over 91,000 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its 10 biogeographic regions. Nearly 6,500 native plants are still used prominently in indigenous healthcare systems. … India is one of them.