Quick Answer: What is an environmental factor that can cause an infectious disease?

Environmental factors influencing the spread of communicable diseases. Water, sanitation, food and air quality are vital elements in the transmission of communicable diseases and in the spread of diseases prone to cause epidemics.

Which of the following is an environmental factor that can cause an infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are acute illnesses caused by bacteria, protozoa, fungi, and viruses. Food and water contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms are the major environmental sources of gastrointestinal illness.

What type of environmental factor is disease?

Environmental diseases are a direct result from the environment. Meanwhile, pollution-related diseases are attributed to exposure to toxicants or toxins in the air, water, and soil. Therefore all pollution-related disease are environmental diseases, but not all environmental diseases are pollution-related diseases.

What factors influence an infectious disease?

Introduction to Noninfectious Diseases

Noninfectious diseases include all diseases that are not caused by pathogens. Instead, noninfectious diseases are generally caused by genetic or environmental factors other than pathogens, such as toxic environmental exposures or unhealthy lifestyle choices.

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How can infectious diseases spread through the environment?

Germs can spread through: the air as small droplets (droplet spread) or tiny aerosol particles (airborne spread) contact with faeces (poo) and then with the mouth (faeco-oral spread)

What are the five environmental factors?

Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.

How many diseases are caused by environmental factors?

Environmental risk factors, such as air, water and soil pollution, chemical exposures, climate change, and ultraviolet radiation, contribute to more than 100 diseases and injuries.

What is environmental related disease?

An environmental illness can occur when you are exposed to toxins or substances in the environment that make you sick. These health hazards may be found where you live, work, or play. Maybe you have headaches that only occur on weekends.

How is disease caused?

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.

What are the examples of infectious diseases?

Protect yourself and your family from preventable infectious…

  • Coronaviruses. …
  • Diphtheria. …
  • Ebola. …
  • Flu (Influenza) …
  • Hepatitis. …
  • Hib Disease. …
  • HIV/AIDS. …
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

Does the environment affect disease?

The environment plays a powerful role in the transmission of infectious diseases, including vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, and human African trypanosomiasis. It is therefore of huge significance to public health strategies around the world.

What are three factors that influence the spread of emerging diseases?

Several factors contribute to the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases, but most can be linked with the increasing number of people living and moving on earth: rapid and intense international travel; overcrowding in cities with poor sanitation; changes in handling and processing of large quantities of food …

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How does disease impact the environment?

An extensive literature review revealed a relationship between infectious diseases outbreaks and climate change events (El Niño, La Niña, heatwaves, droughts, floods, increased temperature, higher rainfall, and others) or environmental changes (habitat fragmentation, deforestation, urbanization, bushmeat consumption, …