Quick Answer: What are the four types of biodiversity?

What are the types of biodiversity?

Types of Biodiversity. Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

What are the four importance of biodiversity?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

How many biodiversity are there?

Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. Scientists have estimated that there are around 8.7 million species of plants and animals in existence. However, only around 1.2 million species have been identified and described so far, most of which are insects.

What are 3 types of biodiversity?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms. It occurs within a species as well as between species.

What is functional biodiversity?

Functional diversity is a component of biodiversity that generally concerns the range of things that organisms do in communities and ecosystems. … Choosing which traits to include in a particular measure of functional diversity will depend on the specific aims of a particular study.

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What biodiversity means?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

What are the 5 threats to biodiversity?

Five main threats to biodiversity are commonly recognized in the programmes of work of the Convention: invasive alien species, climate change, nutrient loading and pollution, habitat change, and overexploitation.

How many different type of trees are there?

World is home to ‘60,000 tree species’ There are 60,065 species of trees in the world, according to a comprehensive study of the world’s plants. Botanical Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) compiled the tree list by using data gathered from its network of 500 member organisations.

What is wildlife and biodiversity?

Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.

What is the biodiversity in India?

India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.

How many biodiversity are there in India?

Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

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What are the different types of ecosystem?

The different types of the ecosystem include:

  • Terrestrial ecosystem.
  • Forest ecosystem.
  • Grassland ecosystem.
  • Desert ecosystem.
  • Tundra ecosystem.
  • Freshwater ecosystem.
  • Marine ecosystem.

What are the types of biodiversity conservation?

Types of Biodiversity Conservation

  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity encompasses all the variety of different genetic information contained in animals, microorganisms and plants. …
  • Species Diversity. Species diversity refers to the variety of organisms in the environment. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Global Diversity.