Question: Which geographical region of Nepal is considered rich in biodiversity?

The wetlands of Nepal comprise about 2.6% of the country’s area and are rich in biodiversity, supporting habitat for 172 species of plants, 193 species of birds and 185 species of freshwater fishes 2.

Which geographical region of Nepal is the richest in biodiversity Why?

Nepal is rich in term of biodiversity. There are high mountains, high hills and plain land of Terai regions where different species of plants and animals are found. And it is rich in physical diversity also.

Why the hilly region of Nepal is rich in biodiversity?

 Nepal is rich in biodiversity because of its unique physical features, thus we find many types of flora and fauna here. But unfortunately people have polluted and destroyed the habitat of these organisms and due to that everyday one or the other species of certain animals/plants is becoming extinct.

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Which region has the richest biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

What is the position of Nepal in biodiversity?

Some studies have ranked Nepal 25th in the world in terms of biodiversity wealth. With 30,164 known species—17,097 animals and 13,067 plant species, pressure has been growing on Nepal’s biodiversity. Due to its unique topography, Nepal has 18 different ecosystems, where a wide variety of flora and fauna is present.

What are the three geographical regions of Nepal?

Topographically, Nepal is divided into three distinct ecological regions. These are the Mountains, Hills, and Terai (or plains). The Mountain region ranges in altitude from about 4,800 metres to 8,839 metres above sea level and covers a land area of 51,817 square kilometres.

Is rich in biodiversity?

Answer : Option (A) is correct because biodiversity is richer in tropical regions. Tropical forest ecosystems cover less than 10 percent of earth’s surface, and contain about 90% of the world’s species.

What is the area of hilly region?

The Hill region constitutes the largest portion of Nepal, covering 29.5% of the geographical area, and has a large area (19,783 km2) of cultivated or managed lands, natural and semi natural vegetation (22,621 km2) and artificial surfaces (200 km2).

Why biodiversity is different in different geographical region?

And due the variation in the ecological regions, diversity arises in the genes and the species of that place. Biodiversity in species is the result of the diversity in the ecological regions. … In this way we can say that biodiversity differs according to ecological regions. Biodiversity is important natural resource.

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Which region in Nepal is most affected from deforestation?

Deforestation is one of the major environmental issues in Nepal. Deforestation pressures occur throughout Nepal but are most strongly felt in many parts of Tarai and Churia.

Which continent has the most biodiversity?

America is the continent that has the most countries rich in biodiversity: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela and the United States.

In which forest the highest biodiversity is found?

The highest biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests.

Which biome has the most biodiversity?

Tropical forests have the highest biodiversity and primary productivity of any of the terrestrial biomes.

How can you say that mountain region is rich in biodiversity?

Biodiversity is high in mountain regions because of their wide range of habitats, varied micro-climates, and ecological conditions. These factors have resulted in a high degree of genetic diversity in terms of crop and livestock species and their wild relatives.

What is the rank of Nepal in biodiversity in Asia?

Nepal ranked 25th and 11th positions in terms of richness in biodiversity in the world and Asia, respectively. The country is also home to as many as 118 ecosystems and 35 forest types.

How many districts are included as mountain region in Nepal?

Altitude increases from south to north: the 20-district Terai plains in the south, the hill region in the center with 39 districts, and the 16-district mountain regions in the north. Japanese encephalitis (JE) is seasonally endemic to the Terai region, which borders the northern India states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

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