Plants absorb water and release energy that helps determine the type of climate a particular region experiences. The moisture released into the atmosphere by plants contributes to the climate, while the moisture level in the climate in turn contributes back to the Earth’s ability to foster the growth of vegetation.
How does climate determine vegetation?
The drier the climate is, the scarcer is the vegetation and the greater is the fraction of bare soil. The physical characteristics of bare soil (albedo, roughness, and water conductivity) differ from those of vegetation cover. That, in turn, creates a basis for the influence of vegetation on climate.
How does climate and weather play a role on the vegetation of a region?
However, it is surprising how much plants affect weather. Plants process and release water vapor (necessary for cloud formation) and absorb and emit energy used to drive weather. … Since climate is basically an average of the weather over a long period of time, vegetation is important to climate.
The growth of natural vegetation depends upon climatic conditions existing in the place. For example, evergreen forests grow in the regions which experience heavy rainfall. … Similarly, at higher altitudes, where the climate is extremely cold, lichens and mosses grow.
How climate determines the distribution of the forests?
A shift in climate conditions could result in changes in tree species distribution and forest composition. Climate determines the distribution of tree species and shapes the composition of forests. … The migration capacity of trees varies across species but, in general, a shift in species distribution is a slow process.
Why is climate important for vegetation?
Climate is the major determinant of vegetation. Plants in turn exert some degree of influence on climate. Both climate and vegetation profoundly affect soil development and the animals that live in an area.
How does the climate of a place affect its vegetation and wildlife?
Most plants and animals live in areas with very specific climate conditions, such as temperature and rainfall patterns, that enable them to thrive. … For example, as temperatures get warmer, many plants are starting to grow and bloom earlier in the spring and survive longer into the fall.
How does climate affect vegetation in Africa?
Plant life is influenced by the amount of rainfall. … In some areas, like the Sahel zone, there are large differences in rainfall every year. In the last decades droughts have caused hunger and starvation in many part of the Sahel and Ethiopia. Rainfall influences Africa’s agriculture.
How does climate affect vegetation distribution?
The plant community in an area is the most sensitive indicator of climate. Regions with not much rainfall and scarce vegetation are called deserts, or arid regions. … Areas with somewhat greater rainfall are called semiarid regions.
What are the climatic factors that determine the type of vegetation that grows in a region?
Answer: the factors that affect the growth of natural vegetation include climatic factors that is rainfall and water,temperature,air and wind.
What are the climatic factors that determine natural vegetation in the forest?
Temperature and humidity are the main factors which determine the character and extent of vegetation. E.g. an area with high temperature and high humidity supports evergreen forest, while an area with high temperature and low humidity supports thorny bushes (desert).