How would climate change would affect agriculture in India explain any two situations?

Climatic change causes presumably about 1.5 percent loss in agriculture as it contributed 15 percent to India’s GDP. It affects in various factors like availability, access and absorption. When the availability of the food decreases, It hits the poor the most as they fall short of money to get food for them.

How does climate change affect India agriculture?

Climate change impacts on horticultural and other field crops vary based on rising temperatures or regional CO2 concentration, but India’s agriculture may be more vulnerable to the expected higher incidences of extreme weather (e.g. rainfall duration and intensity, drought/flood), pests, and disease.

What are two ways that climate change is affecting agriculture?

Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.

How does climate affect agriculture?

Agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change. Higher temperatures eventually reduce yields of desirable crops while encouraging weed and pest proliferation. … Changes in climate may also impact the water availability and water needs for farming.

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How does climate change affect India?

Climate changes affecting India hard

Climate change has already hit India hard, causing huge economic and social losses in recent years. This year, for instance, India has witnessed severe floods, cloudbursts and landslides in several states across the country, causing death and destruction.

How do India’s rivers and climate affect agriculture?

Even the increasing temperature is affecting Indian agriculture. … There would be higher losses at higher temperatures. Productivity of most crops decreases only marginally by 2020 but by 10 to 40 percent by 2100 due to increases in temperature, rainfall variability, and decreases in irrigation water.

How does climate change affect plants?

Climate change causes warmer summer temperatures and inconsistent precipitation patterns. These environmental alterations affect the flowering periods of plants globally. As the global temperature increases, plants will flower earlier in the season. … As precipitation decreases, flowers may bloom later in the season.

What is the relationship between agriculture and climate change?

Agriculture affects climate through emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. These emissions come directly from use of fossil fuels, tillage practices, fertilized agricultural soils and livestock manure in large proportion.

How does climate change threaten agriculture and food production?

Climate change will affect all four dimensions of food security: food availability, food accessibility, food utilization and food systems stability. … Agriculture, forestry and fisheries will not only be affected by climate change, but also contribute to it through emitting greenhouse gases.

How does climate change affect on crop production?

Climate change can affect agriculture in a variety of ways. Beyond a certain range of temperatures, warming tends to reduce yields because crops speed through their develop- ment, producing less grain in the process. And higher tem- peratures also interfere with the ability of plants to get and use moisture.

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How does climate change affect India’s economy?

If India does not move to low-emission fuels and reduce its dependence on fossil fuels, it could lose around $35 trillion across various sectors by 2070, as per the Deloitte report. … As per the report, inaction on climate change will reduce India’s economic potential by 5.5% per year on average over the next 50 years.

What causes climate change in India?

Increasing agricultural activities, changes in land-use patterns, and other sources lead to rising levels of methane and nitrous oxide. Industrial processes also release artificial and new greenhouse gases like CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), while automobile exhaust fumes lead to ozone generation.

How will climate change affect India UPSC?

This makes India more vulnerable to climate change. It is estimated that by the 2050s, with a temperature increase of 2-2.5°C, water in the river basins of Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra will be reduced. This may threaten the food security of about 63 million people.