How is Indian climate affected by latitude and altitude?

Latitude: As the earth is round, sunlight does not reach everywhere equally. The temperature decreases as we move from the equator to the poles. Altitude: As we move from the surface of the earth to the higher altitudes, the temperature decreases. … Thus, it influences the temperature accordingly.

How does altitude and latitude affect climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.

What latitude affects India’s climate?

Almost half of the country, lying south of the Tropic of Cancer, belongs to the tropical area. All the remaining area in the north of the Tropic lies in the sub-tropical area. Therefore, India’s climate has characteristics of tropical as well as sub-tropical type of climate.

IT IS AMAZING:  Which is the final stage of biodiversity management process?

How is climate affected by latitude?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.

How pressure and winds affect India’s climate?

Pressure and Winds

India has unique wind and pressure conditions. During winter, the northern area near the Himalayas has high pressure. Therefore, winds from this region blow to the south where the pressure is lower. In summer, the northern part has lower pressure.

How does latitude affect the controls of weather and climate?

Latitude is a fundamental control on every climate. It affects temperature by influencing the seasonal range in solar intensity. It influences precipitation in as much as evaporation is temperature dependent.

What are the factors affecting India’s climate explain?

Latitude, attitude, pressure and winds are factors that influence the India’s climate. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country from the Rann of Kuchchh in the west to Mizoram in the east.

What are the controls affecting India’s climate?

Complete answer: The six controls that affect the climate of India are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, ocean currents, distance from the sea and relief features.

What are the main factors affecting the climate of India Class 9?

Class 9 Climate: Factors Affecting the Climate of India

  • Latitude. …
  • Altitude. …
  • Pressure and Winds. …
  • Hot Weather Season (Summer) …
  • Cold Weather Season (Winter) …
  • Advancing Monsoon (Rainy) …
  • Retreating/Post-Monsoon Season (Transition Season) …
  • Answers.
IT IS AMAZING:  What areas of study are included in environmental studies?

How does the altitude of a place affect its temperature?

As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands), and the temperature decreases.

What is affected by latitude?

Latitude affects the amount of solar radiation a place receives. The amount of solar radiation a place receives is greatest at the equator and lessens toward the poles. Latitude is not the only factor that determines the temperature of a region.

How does latitude affect the heating of the atmosphere?

Temperature is inversely related to latitude. As latitude increases, the temperature falls, and vice versa. Generally, around the world, it gets warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles.

How is India’s climate?

Most of North India is thus kept warm or is only mildly chilly or cold during winter; the same thermal dam keeps most regions in India hot in summer. Climate in South India is generally hotter and more humid due to its coasts.

Regions.

< 20.0 °C (< 68.0 °F)
25.0–27.5 °C (77.0–81.5 °F)
> 27.5 °C (> 81.5 °F)

How do the Himalayas affect the climate of India?

➢ The Himalayas act as a climatic divide between India and Central Asia. During winter, Himalayas protect India from cold and dry air masses of Central Asia . During monsoon months these mountain ranges act as an effective physical barrier for rain bearing south-west monsoon winds.