Frequent question: What two factors affect climate in Africa?

What factors affect Africa’s climate?

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the vulnerability of Africa to climate change is driven by a range of factors that include weak adaptive capacity, high dependence on ecosystem goods for livelihoods, and less developed agricultural production systems.

What are the 2 climate factors?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

What are the factors that affects climate?

There are lots of factors that influence our climate

  • Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
  • Prevailing global wind patterns. …
  • Topography. …
  • Effects of Geography. …
  • Surface of the Earth. …
  • Climate change over time.

What are 3 factors that affect the climate?

The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.

How is climate change impacting Africa?

Climate Change Hits Africa Hard—Rural Areas Hardest of All

Global warming is expected to melt Africa’s remaining glaciers in the next few decades, and the reduction in water essential to agricultural production will create food insecurity, poverty, and population displacement.

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What are the effects of climate change on Africa’s environment?

The main longer-term impacts of climate change in Africa include changing rainfall patterns affecting agriculture and reducing food security; worsen- ing water security; decreasing fish resources in large lakes due to rising temperatures and overfishing; rising sea levels affecting low-lying coastal areas with large …

What are the two most important factors in temperature?

Things to remember

  • The factors that affects temperature are altitude, latitude and distance from sea.
  • The height measured from sea level is called altitude.
  • When the latitude increases, the distant from the sun also increases, so the temperature gradually decreases.