The NBA is a Statutory Body and it performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory functions for the Government of India on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources.
What is NBA in biology?
The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is a statutory autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and climate change, Government of India established in 2003 to implement the provisions under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, after India signed Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992.
What is National Biodiversity Authority in India?
Welcome to National Biodiversity Authority:
The NBA is a Statutory body and that performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory function for Government of India on issue of Conservation, sustainable use of biological resource and fair equitable sharing of benefits of use.
What are the powers of National Biodiversity Authority on intellectual property of biodiversity resources?
The National Biodiversity Authority may, on behalf of the Central Government, take any measures necessary to oppose the grant of intellectual property rights in any country outside India on any biological resource obtained from India or knowledge associated with such biological resource which is derived from India.
What is the composition of National Biodiversity Authority?
The National Biodiversity Authority consists of the following members to be appointed by the central government, namely: A Chairperson. Three ex officio members, one representing the Ministry dealing with Tribal Affairs and two representing the Ministry dealing with Environment and Forests.
What is Hello forest?
‘Hello Forest’ is a 24-hour toll free helpline number (1926) which has been set up to provide information regarding plantation, protection and for mass awareness.
How many biodiversity are there in India?
Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
Accordingly, in all the 29 States, SBBs have been established.. Biodiversity Management Committees are to be established under Section 41 of the Act at local level. The BMCs play a vital role in documenting biodiversity, their sustainable use and in dealing with Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) issues.
How does National Biodiversity Authority help in protecting the Indian agriculture?
National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants. … Application for Intellectual Property Rights related to genetic/biological resources can not be made without the approval of NBA.
When was National biodiversity Act enacted in India?
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 is an Act enacted by the Parliament of India for the preservation of biological diversity in India, and provides mechanism for equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of traditional biological resources and knowledge.
What biodiversity means?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is the most important law to ensure that biodiversity is not endangered by industry?
In 2002, India enacted a landmark law, the Biological Diversity Act, to focus on conservation of biological diversity and ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilisation of biological resources and associated knowledge.
When can the Central Government remove members of the National biodiversity Board?
No member of the Authority shall be removed from his office on any ground specified in section 11, without a due and proper enquiry by an officer not below the rank of a Secretary to the Government of India appointed by the Central Government and without giving such member a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
What are the main objectives of the Biodiversity Act 2002?
The purpose of the Biodiversity Act is to realize equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources and associated knowledge. The main objectives of the Act are conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing out of the utilization of bioresources.
What is biodiversity by Drishti IAS?
Biodiversity is defined as the variability among living organisms. Biogeographically, India is situated at the tri-junction of three realms namely Afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them.
What are the main features of the Biodiversity Act 2002?
1) To regulate access to biological resources of the country with equitable share in benefits arising out of the use of biological resources. 2) To conserve and sustainably use biological diversity. 4) To create National , State and local biodiversity fund and its use for conservation of biodiversity.