Best answer: Is India a biodiversity country?

India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).

Is India rich in biodiversity?

India has tremendous biodiversity, genetic as well as of species and ecosystems. It contains over 7 per cent of the world’s biodiversity on 2.5 per cent of the Earth’s surface. … These include over 17,500 flowering plants of which 4,950 species are endemic to the country.

What is the position of India in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

What percentage of biodiversity is India?

India, a megadiverse country with only 2.4% of the world’s land area, accounts for 7-8% of all recorded species, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals.

Why India is a mega biodiversity country?

Biogeographically, India is situated at the tri-junction of three realms Afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them. This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity.

IT IS AMAZING:  Do lakes have a high or low biodiversity?

What is Indian biodiversity?

India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.

How many biodiversity are there in India?

Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

Which country is first in biodiversity?

#1: Brazil

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

Which Indian state has maximum biodiversity?

The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.

Which country has the highest biodiversity?

Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home.

Who popularized biodiversity in India?

Identify the level of biodiversity represented by 50000 strains of rice in India. Edward Wilson was the Socio-biologist who popularised the term ‘Biodiversity’ . He even described different levels of Biodiversity . There are more than 50,000 strains or rice in India which is an example of Genetic Diversity .