Soil protection by maintenance of biological diversity can preserve the productive capacity of the soil, prevent landslides, safeguard coastlines and riverbanks, and prevent the degradation of coral reefs and coastal fisheries by siltation. Trees and other vegetation also assist in soil formation.
How does soil biodiversity affect soil formation?
They noted that greater microbial diversity increases soil organic carbon content and turnover and finally improves soil fertility. Analogically, Lehman et al. (2015) noted that those soil land use that improve carbon content not only enhance the soil health but also create an optimal niches for microbial communities.
How does biodiversity improve soil quality?
A soil rich in biodiversity is better able to control pests, since it contains both a range of predator species and a varied supply of nutrients. While some nutrients may support the pest species, others will be detrimental to it.
How can we protect soil biodiversity?
These include both direct interventions such as: inoculation for disease and pest control and soil fertility improvement (such as rhizobia, actinomycetes, mycorrhizae, diazotrophs) and indirect interventions through, for example, cropping system design, organic matter management and genetic control of soil function ( …
How does soil effect biodiversity?
When diverse soil organisms interact with one another and with the plants and animals in the ecosystem, they form a complex web of ecological activity called the soil food web. The resilience of the food web is inextricably linked to the biodiversity within the soil.
How does soil biodiversity affect agriculture?
Soil biodiversity includes organisms that are pests and pathogens that can directly impact plant production and cause economic loss in agriculture.
What does soil biodiversity cause below the ground?
New findings show that healthy and diverse communities of bacteria, fungi, nematodes, mites, and other organisms under our feet directly enhance the quantity and quality of food production, the ability of soils to hold water (and thus reduce both flooding and runoff of pollutants like phosphorus), and even human health …
How does soil biodiversity affect soil pollution?
It alters soils’ biodiversity, reduces soil organic matter and soils’ capacity to act as a filter. It also contaminates the water stored in the soil and groundwater, and causes an imbalance of soil nutrients. … Soil pollution is devastating to the environment and has consequences for all forms of life that encounter it.