Why the Philippines harbors unique and high biodiversity?

Why is the Philippines high in biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.

Why Philippines is the center of marine biodiversity?

The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.

What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?

As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.

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What factors affect the Philippines biodiversity?

The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.

Why Philippines is a diverse country?

Because of its archipelagic nature, Philippines is a culturally diverse country. With its topography consisting of mountainous terrains, dense forests, plains, and coastal areas, the Philippines is rich in biodiversity.

How is it important to every Filipino recognizes the Philippines as one of major megadiverse nation?

As a megadiverse country, the Philippines is recognized with its rich biodiversity. It has the most diverse life forms on a per unit area. Its biodiversity, composed of various flora and fauna, provides resources to meet basic needs for human survival, promotes economic development and offers environmental services.

Is Philippines center of marine biodiversity?

Covering a major portion of the Coral Triangle, with more than 16800 sq km of coral reef, the Philippines is a global centre for marine biodiversity. Its central region, from Luzon to Mindanao, has more marine species per unit area than any other place on the planet.

Why are coral reefs important in the Philippines?

Aside from supporting fisheries production, coral reefs provide multiple ecosystem services that contribute indirectly to food and livelihood security of coastal communities in the Philippines and elsewhere (i.e. increasing the purchasing power of coastal communities).

How does the Philippines benefit from being part of the Coral Triangle?

The Philippines share with Indonesia the most fertile part of Coral Triangle: the heart at the heart of the world’s marine riches. The islands are also rich in gold, copper, and coconut oil, and a major exporter for electronic products and medical equipment.

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What is the importance of watershed to biodiversity?

Watershed Functions

Watersheds collect rainfall and disperse the runoff to support life in all forms in the habitats that are found within them.

What is the importance of biodiversity?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

Why is sustainable biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is essential for sustainable development and human well-being. It underpins the provision of food, fibre and water; it mitigates and provides resilience to climate change; it supports human health, and provides jobs in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and many other sectors.

What is high biodiversity?

High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.

How can we promote biodiversity in the Philippines?

Project Goals

  1. Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
  2. Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
  3. Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.

How does the biodiversity affect the environment?

A diversity of species increases the ability of ecosystems to do things like hold soils together, maintain soil fertility, deliver clean water to streams and rivers, cycle nutrients, pollinate plants (including crops), and buffer against pests and diseases—these are sometimes called ‘ecosystem functions’ or ‘ecosystem …