Earth’s planetary climate depends on its relative position to the Sun. The Earth’s surface can be divided into three climatic zones based on rainfall and temperature controlled by atmospheric convection currents.
Why do each zone have different climate?
Because the Earth is a sphere, the sun’s rays reach the earth’s surface in polar regions at a much more slanted angle than at equator. … So the extra energy at the Equator needs to be spread across the planet and it’s this that creates different climate zones across the world.
What are the characteristics of different climate regions?
Climate features also include windiness, humidity, cloud cover, atmospheric pressure, and fogginess. Latitude plays a huge factor in determining climate. Landscape can also help define regional climate. A region’s elevation, proximity to the ocean or freshwater, and land-use patterns can all impact climate.
What are the main characteristics that determine how climates differ?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.
What varies between different climate zones?
This happens because the Sun’s light is most directly overhead at the equator. At the poles, light falls at an extreme angle, and only a part of its energy and warmth reaches the ground. That’s why, in general, climate areas tend to be warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles. This varies with lattitude.
How is climate different from weather?
Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.
What characteristics do we use to differentiate between one climatic zone and another?
According to this classification system, four major climatic belts―equatorial, tropical, mid-latitude and arctic (Antarctic), which are dominated by equatorial, tropical, polar and arctic (Antarctic) air masses respectively―are differentiated in the globe.
What are 3 characteristics of the temperate climate zone?
Some Characteristics based on various parameters are as follows
- Area: Lies between the cold zone and the subtropical zone (40° to 60°)
- Sun path: Maximum is 73°, the minimum is 0° at the Arctic Circle.
- Average temperature: Between zero and 20°C.
- Minimal temperature: -40°C.
- Maximal temperature: +40°C.
What are the characteristics of the tropical climate zone?
Tropical climates are characterized by monthly average temperatures of 18 ℃ (64.4 ℉) or higher year-round and feature hot temperatures. Annual precipitation is often abundant in tropical climates, and shows a seasonal rhythm to varying degrees.
What is the difference between climate zones and biomes?
Biomes and climates are both influenced by temperature and precipitation. … The main differences between climates and biomes is that climate is primarily determined by temperature and precipitation while biomes are classified according to the vegetation within them.
What are the different factors that affect the climate of an area?
Factors that affect the climate of a place:
- Latitude. …
- Elevation. …
- Ocean Currents. …
- Topography. …
- Vegetation. …
- Prevailing winds.
What are the factors that result in different climates in different parts of the world?
These factors include latitude, atmospheric circulation patterns, oceanic circulation patterns, the local geography of an area, solar activity, and volcanic activity. 3. Explain why different parts of the Earth have different climates. The most important factor which determines climate is the distance from the equator.
Why do climates vary in different regions in the Philippines?
Essentially, there arc two main reasons that climate varies from place to place; first, the amount of energy arriving from the sun, and second the circulation of the atmosphere and oceans which carry heat and moisture from one placc to another.
Why do different regions have different climate class 7?
Different parts of earth receive different amount of sunlight so different regions of earth have different climate. For example – equator receives perpendicular sun rays so the climate is hot and humid on equator.