Lifestyle factors such as excess weight, physical inactivity and poor diet are major modifiable risk factors for development of the disease. A number of minority populations, including Indigenous Australians, Pacific Islanders, people of Chinese descent and those from the Indian subcontinent, are at higher risk.
What environmental factors can cause diabetes?
Environmental factors play a role in the etiopathogenesis of diabetes. They include polluted air, soil, water, unhealthy diet, stress, lack of physical activity, vitamin-D deficiency, exposure to enteroviruses, and damage to immune cells.
What are some societal factors that may be contributing to the rise of type 2 diabetics in Canada?
Obesity is often seen as the main contributor to an increasing prevalence of diabetes [8–10] but other factors such as ageing, ethnicity, lifestyle (i.e., physical inactivity and energy dense diet), socioeconomic status, education, and urbanization have also been identified as potentially important factors [11–14].
Why are the levels of diabetes so high in Australia and our indigenous population?
Why are Indigenous Australians at greater risk of diabetes? In Australia, the rising number of people affected by type 2 diabetes is most likely driven by increasing rates of obesity, decreased rates of physical activity, dietary changes and an ageing population.
Managed condition implies individuals are able to ensure their diabetes is approximately controlled by clinical standards. Social consequences include increased health care costs and employment complications, as well as decreased productivity and educational attainment potential.
What are environmental factors?
Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites. The diversity of environmental stresses that have been shown to cause an increase in asymmetry is probably not exclusive; many other kinds of stress might provide similar effects.
Is diabetes genetic or environmental?
Type 2 diabetes can be inherited and is linked to your family history and genetics, but environmental factors also play a role. Not everyone with a family history of type 2 diabetes will get it, but you’re more likely to develop it if a parent or sibling has it.
How do socioeconomic factors affect diabetes?
Recent analysis of the Framingham Offspring Study found that, among women, cumulative SES (as measured by father’s education, participant’s education, and participant’s occupation) was inversely associated with risk of diabetes incidence (41), so that a greater proportion of individuals with diabetes also have lower …
What are the societal factors?
Social and economic factors, such as income, education, employment, community safety, and social supports can significantly affect how well and how long we live. These factors affect our ability to make healthy choices, afford medical care and housing, manage stress, and more.
Type 2 diabetes is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality for Indigenous Australians. It is largely preventable and associated with lifestyle factors including physical inactivity, poor diet, being overweight or obese, excessive alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking (AIHWa).
Why are indigenous people susceptible to diabetes?
Complications associated with diabetes
Complications in the Aboriginal populations are thought to be higher due to an earlier age of diabetes onset, a greater severity of the disease, reduced access to health services due to geographical barriers, and an increased number of risk factors for other chronic diseases.
What factors increase the risk for our Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities?
This page provides an overview of the prevalence of certain health risk factors among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people including overweight and obesity, alcohol consumption and smoking, dietary behaviours, and not meeting physical activity guidelines.
What are the risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes?
Factors that may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes include:
- Weight. Being overweight or obese is a main risk.
- Fat distribution. Storing fat mainly in your abdomen — rather than your hips and thighs — indicates a greater risk. …
- Inactivity. …
- Family history. …
- Race and ethnicity. …
- Blood lipid levels. …
- Age. …
7 Ways You Can Help Someone Living with Type 2 Diabetes
- Don’t nag! …
- Encourage healthy eating. …
- Attend a diabetes support group with them. …
- Offer to attend doctor appointments. …
- Be observant to drops in blood sugar. …
- Exercise together. …
- Be positive.
Diabetes had little effect on most people’s social life. Many had learnt to manage their diabetes so that it didn’t affect their ability to eat out in restaurants, at friends’ houses, or in social gatherings.
Who is most at risk of diabetes?
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
- are overweight or obese.
- are age 45 or older.
- have a family history of diabetes.
- are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
- have high blood pressure.