Biodiversity supports human and societal needs, including food and nutrition security, energy, development of medicines and pharmaceuticals and freshwater, which together underpin good health. It also supports economic opportunities, and leisure activities that contribute to overall wellbeing.
What is the value to humankind of biodiversity?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.
What is biodiversity and its values?
Value of biodiversity: Biodiversity provides a variety of environmental services from its species and ecosystems that are essential at the global, regional and local levels. … To the pharmacist, biological diversity is the raw material from which new drugs can be identified from plant or animal products.
How does biodiversity benefit human health?
Biodiversity gives resilience—from the microbes that contribute to the formation of the human biome to the genes that help us adapt to stress in the environment—supports all forms of livelihoods, may help regulate disease, and is necessary for physical, mental, and spiritual health and social well-being.
Why we should value biodiversity?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. … A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
Which of these are values of biodiversity?
The social value of biodiversity includes aesthetic, recreational, cultural and spiritual values. To this can be added health benefits resulting from recreational and other activities.
What are 3 ways that humans have affected the balance of biodiversity?
destruction, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. reduction of individual survival and reproductive rates through exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species.
How does human benefit from biodiversity and in turn protect biodiversity?
The services these species provide contribute to the delicately-running natural cycles that help make earth habitable to humans and contribute to our way of life in many ways, from providing us food and pharmaceuticals to helping reduce the impact of natural disasters such as floods. …
How do humans help protect the biodiversity in some ecosystems?
Maintain wetlands by conserving water and reducing irrigation. Avoid draining water bodies on your property. Construct fences to protect riparian areas and other sensitive habitats from trampling and other disturbances. Manage livestock grazing to maintain good quality range conditions.
How do humans benefit from ecosystems?
Ecosystem services are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems: provisioning services (also known as goods) such as food and water; regulating services such as flood, pest, and disease control; cultural services such as spiritual and recreational benefits; and supporting services, such as nutrient cycling, that …
What is the importance of environment in human life?
Our environment provides a wide range of benefits, such as the air we breathe, the food we eat and the water we drink, as well as the many materials needed in our homes, at work and for leisure activities.