What is the role of biodiversity in maintaining environmental balance?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

What is the role of biodiversity in the natural environment?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.

How does biodiversity protect the environment?

Healthy ecosystems clean our water, purify our air, maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients and provide us with food. … Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations.

What is environmental biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.

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How can we maintain biodiversity?

6 Ways to Preserve Biodiversity

  1. Support local farms. …
  2. Save the bees! …
  3. Plant local flowers, fruits and vegetables. …
  4. Take shorter showers! …
  5. Respect local habitats. …
  6. Know the source!

Why biodiversity is useful?

Biodiversity provides vital ecosystem functions such as soil fertilization, nutrient recycling, pest and disease regulation, erosion control and crop and tree pollination.

What is biodiversity and its importance?

Biodiversity includes the number of different organisms and their relative frequencies in an ecosystem. It also reflects the organization of organisms at different levels. Biodiversity holds ecological and economic significance. It provides us with nourishment, housing, fuel, clothing and several other resources.

What is the best environment for biodiversity?

The highest levels of terrestrial biodiversity are found in tropical forests, which host over 80 per cent of species of terrestrial animals, plants and fungi. Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihood, and a quarter of all modern medicines come from tropical forest plants.

What is advantage of high biodiversity in maintaining the stability of the ecosystem?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

What are 3 reasons for preserving biodiversity?

5 Reasons Why Biodiversity Matters – to Human Health, the Economy and Your Wellbeing

  • Biodiversity Ensures Health and Food Security. Biodiversity underpins global nutrition and food security. …
  • Biodiversity Helps Fight Disease. …
  • Biodiversity Benefits Business. …
  • Biodiversity Provides Livelihoods. …
  • Biodiversity Protects Us.
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