What is the concept of biodiversity?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

Who gave the concept of biodiversity?

The word biodiversity is a contraction of the phrase “biological diversity” and was first coined in 1985 by Walter Rosen of the National Research Council as a title word in a seminar he was organizing to discuss biological diversity.

What is biodiversity and why is it an important concept?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

What are the three concepts involved in biodiversity?

Three components of biodiversity are ecosystem, species and genetic diversity.

What is biodiversity class 8?

Biodiversity or Biological diversity: It refers to the variety or organisms existing on the earth. Their interrelationships and their relationship with the environment. It includes variety of plants, animals and microorganisms. Flora and Fauna: The plants found in a particular area are termed as flora area.

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What is biodiversity with example?

Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.

What is biodiversity for kids?

Biodiversity is the rich variety of life on Earth. There’s variety in genes, variety among species, and a variety of ecosystems. Everything is interconnected, or dependent on everything else!

What is biodiversity class 10?

Biodiversity is the number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that are living in an ecosystem. Biodiversity is a measure of the variety of organisms that exist in different ecosystems.

What is biodiversity class 12?

Biodiversity can be defined as the occurrence of different types of genes, gene pools, species, habitats and ecosystem in a given region. (i) The term biodiversity was given by a socio biologist Edward Wilson to describe the combined diversity at all the levels of biological organisation.

What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.

What is biodiversity Class 5?

Biodiversity is the variation among living organisms from different sources including terrestrial, marine and desert ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are a part.”

What is biodiversity class7?

Answer: Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity is typically a measure of variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level.

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