Forests and grasslands provide a wide range of ecosystem services. In addition to providing food, fuel and fiber, forests clean the air, filter water supplies, control floods and erosion, sustain biodiversity and genetic resources, and provide opportunities for recreation, education, and cultural enrichment.
What are the 5 main ecosystem services?
Regulating services include pollination, decomposition, water purification, erosion and flood control, and carbon storage and climate regulation.
What are all the benefits of forest ecosystem?
Healthy forest ecosystems produce and conserve soil and stabilize stream flows and water runoff—preventing land degradation and desertification, and reducing the risks of natural disasters such as droughts, floods, and landslides.
What are the 7 ecosystem services?
- Climate regulation. Both the biotic and abiotic ensembles of marine ecosystems play a role in climate regulation. …
- Waste treatment and disease regulation. …
- Buffer zones. …
- Forest products. …
- Marine products. …
- Fresh water. …
- Raw materials. …
- Biochemical and genetic resources.
What are the 3 ecosystem services?
More About Ecosystem Services
- Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
- Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
- Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.
What are examples of ecosystem services?
Examples of ecosystem services include products such as food and water, regulation of floods, soil erosion and disease outbreaks, and non-material benefits such as recreational and spiritual benefits in natural areas.
What economic benefits does forest provide?
Stable employment opportunities in logging and forest products industries often benefit rural communities economically. Total wages in the forestry and logging, wood products, and pulp and paper industries are about $19 billion annually. Since 2001, average wages have been flat.
What are the 4 major ecosystem processes?
A brief introduction to the basic ecosystem processes: water cycle, mineral cycle, solar energy flow, and community dynamics (succession). Monitoring these 4 processes tells you whether landscape health is improving or deteriorating, long before damage or improvement become obvious.
What is an ecosystem service what are the 10 services provided by ecosystems?
Ecosystem services make human life possible by, for example, providing nutritious food and clean water, regulating disease and climate, supporting the pollination of crops and soil formation, and providing recreational, cultural and spiritual benefits.
Is pollination an ecosystem service?
Animal pollination is an ecosystem service mainly provided by insects but also by some birds and bats. In agro-ecosystems, pollinators are essential for orchard, horticultural and forage production, as well as the production of seed for many root and fibre crops.
What are supporting ecosystem services?
Providing living spaces for plants or animals and maintaining a diversity of plants and animals, are ‘supporting services’ and the basis of all ecosystems and their services. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries are influenced and influence all types of ecosystem services.
What is not an ecosystem service?
Conditions or processes of ecosystems that cannot be linked to the welfare of identifiable beneficiary groups are not ecosystem services. For example, changes in fish abundance in areas not used by humans and that have no direct or indirect effect on human benefits are not ecosystem services.