What ecosystem services do freshwater ecosystems provide?

Freshwater ecosystems, especially vegetated wetlands, play an important role in mitigation against climate variability. They do so through a number of ecosystem functions including flood control, water purification, shoreline stabilization and sequestration of carbon dioxide.

What ecosystem services do freshwater provide?

Energy, food and health – all indispensable to human development – rely on the water services provided by natural ecosystems. Freshwater ecosystems, such as wetlands and rivers, also provide crucial regulating services, such as water purification, flood mitigation and the treatment of human and industrial wastes.

Why is freshwater an ecosystem service?

Freshwater ecosystems also provide several regulating services, like groundwater recharge, flood regulation, microclimate regulation, carbon sequestration, water quality control (Bullock and Acreman 2003; Aldous et al. 2011; Tomscha et al.

What are the 5 main ecosystem services?

Regulating services include pollination, decomposition, water purification, erosion and flood control, and carbon storage and climate regulation.

What are the benefits of freshwater?

Freshwater is vital for life, supporting ecosystems and human civilizations. We use freshwater in many aspects of daily life including food production, power generation, manufacturing, and sanitation.

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What is a freshwater ecosystem?

A freshwater ecosystem is made up of many different habitats that are within lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, springs and wetlands. All ecosystems with water are broken into three zones: littoral (by the shore line), open water (near the top of the water), and deep water (down at the bottom of the pond).

What is an example of an ecosystem service provided by a freshwater ecosystem quizlet?

Freshwater ecosystems provide major ecosystem and economic services, and they are irreplaceable reservoirs of biodiversity. Climate moderation, nutrient cycling, waste treatment, flood control, groundwater recharge, habitats for many species, genetic resources and biodiversity, scientific information.

What are the 7 ecosystem and economic services that inland wetlands provide?

-Ecological Services:Climate moderation, nutrient cycling, waste treatment, flood control, groundwater recharge, habitats for many species, genetic resources and biodiversity, scientific information.

What are the types of freshwater ecosystem?

There are three basic types of freshwater ecosystems: Lentic (slow moving water, including pools, ponds, and lakes), lotic (faster moving water, for example streams and rivers) and wetlands (areas where the soil is saturated or inundated for at least part of the time).

What are the 7 ecosystem services?

Regulating services

  • Climate regulation. Both the biotic and abiotic ensembles of marine ecosystems play a role in climate regulation. …
  • Waste treatment and disease regulation. …
  • Buffer zones. …
  • Forest products. …
  • Marine products. …
  • Fresh water. …
  • Raw materials. …
  • Biochemical and genetic resources.

What are the 3 ecosystem services?

More About Ecosystem Services

  • Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
  • Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
  • Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.
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What is an ecosystem service list three examples?

Examples of ecosystem services include products such as food and water, regulation of floods, soil erosion and disease outbreaks, and non-material benefits such as recreational and spiritual benefits in natural areas.