What are the three biodiversity hotspots in India Class 12?

These hotspots are also regions of accelerated habitat loss. Three of these hotspots – Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma and Himalaya – cover our country’s exceptionally high biodiversity regions.

What are the three biodiversity hotspots in India?

Biodiversity Hotspots in India – Himalayas, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats & Sundaland.

What are the 3 biodiversity hotspots?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India Class 12?

Additional information: India has 4 biodiversity hotspots: The Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundarland and it also includes the Nicobar group of Islands. These hotspots have lots of endemic species.

What is biodiversity hotspot class 12 biology?

Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.

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What are biodiversity hotspots Ncert?

They identified for maximum protection certain ‘biodiversity hotspots’ regions with very high levels of species richness and high degree of endemism (that is, species confined to that region and not found anywhere else).

How many hotspots are there in India 2021?

Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.

What is biodiversity hotspot example?

Biodiversity hotspots are regions that are both biologically fertile (rich distribution of plants and animals) and highly threatened. … Examples of biodiversity hotspots are forest habitats as they constantly face destruction and degradation due to illegal logging, pollution and deforestation.

What are biodiversity hotspots give example?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots.

What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered?

An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there?

There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.

What is Wi Fi hotspot?

Hotspot: A hotspot is a physical location where people can access the Internet, typically using Wi-Fi, via a wireless local area network (WLAN) with a router connected to an Internet service provider. … While many public hotspots offer free wireless access on an open network, others require payment.

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What are biodiversity hotspots give Example Class 12?

The biodiversity hotspots are areas which have high levels of species richness and also have high degrees of endemism i.e. the organisms and plants are very specific to the location. Till date there are 35 Biodiversity hotspots out of which three are – Western Ghats, Sri Lanka and Himalayas.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in world Ncert?

Around the world, 36 areas qualify as biodiversity hotspots. Their intact habitats represent just 2.5% of Earth’s land surface, but they support more than half of the world’s plant species and nearly 43% of bird, mammal, reptile and amphibian species as endemics. Of these 36 hotspots, four are located in India.