What are the major causes of the lost of biodiversity in Nigeria?

Hence, this study assessed the factors leading to decline of biodiversity resources in the Niger Delta. The study found that excessive exploitation, urbanization/industrialization, deforestation/habitat destruction, bush burning, soil erosion and pollution, climate change are the leading cause of loss of biodiversity.

What are the causes of biodiversity loss in Nigeria?

The indirect causes of biodiversity loss in Nigeria include the following: economic policies, rising demand for forest products, cultural practices, poor law enforcement and weak laws.

What are the major causes of loss of biodiversity?


  • Climate change.
  • Pollution.
  • Destruction of habitats.
  • Invasive alien species.
  • Overexploitation of the natural environment.

What are the major ecosystem in Nigeria?

Nigeria is one of the major oil-producing countries. The country experiences a tropical climate with rainforests, savannahs, and also arid areas to the North.

Ecological Regions Of Nigeria.

Ecological Regions of Nigeria Biome
Central African mangroves Mangroves
Cross-Niger transition forests Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Is Nigeria a biodiversity hotspot?

Nigeria is one of the global hotspot of primate species, and several of them are found in the Gulf of Guinea forests of Cross River State including three species of monkeys viz: white-throated monkey (Cercopithecus erythrogaster), Sclater’s guenon (Cercopithecus sclateri) and the Niger Delta red colobus (Procolobus …

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What are the causes of loss of biodiversity class 12?

The loss of habitat will result in fragmentation of habitat leading to small habitat with few organisms. The main reason for decrease in biodiversity is overpopulation, global warming, deforestation, and pollution.

What are the major factors affecting biodiversity today?

Important direct drivers affecting biodiversity are habitat change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution (CF4, C3, C4. 3, S7).

What are some examples of biodiversity loss?

On this page:

  • Massive Extinctions From Human Activity.
  • Declining amphibian populations.
  • Reptiles threatened by climate change, deforestation, habitat loss, trade.
  • Dwindling fish stocks.
  • Declining Ocean Biodiversity.
  • Inland water ecosystems.
  • Loss of forests equates to a loss of many species. …
  • Misuse of land and resources.

What are the challenges of biodiversity in Nigeria?

Some major threats to biodiversity conservation in Nigeria include poverty, economic development, incomplete or non implementation and non ratification by government of international treaties and conventions on conservation issues, ambiguous governmental laws on biodiversity, climate change, pollution, invasion by …

Where is Niger Delta in Nigeria?

Conflicts and insecurity in the Niger Delta The Niger Delta region of Nigeria comprises the nine states Abia, Akwa-Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Imo, Ondo and Rivers. About 31 million people live in the region which is renowned as one of the World’s ten most important wetland and coastal marine ecosystems.

How many ecological zones are in Nigeria?

The country has six distinct agro-ecological zones transiting in south-north direction from the Atlantic coast to the arid savanna of Sahel. These are the Mangrove Swamp, Rainforest, Derived savanna, Guinea savanna, Sudan savanna and Sahel savanna zones.

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What are Nigeria’s natural resources?

Apart from petroleum, Nigeria’s other natural resources include natural gas, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc and arable land. The oil and gas sector accounts for about 10 per cent of gross domestic product, and petroleum exports revenue represents around 86 per cent of total exports revenue.

What is eDNA sampling?

Environmental DNA (eDNA) sampling improves occurrence and detection estimates of invasive Burmese pythons. Environmental DNA (eDNA) methods are used to detect DNA that is shed into the aquatic environment by cryptic or low density species.

Is Venezuela a mega biodiversity Centre?

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …