What are the causes of Solid Waste and explain its control measures?

What are the causes and control measures of solid waste?

Solid waste pollution is caused mainly through urbanization and through industrial waste. … Various methods are practiced to control solid waste pollution as composting, recycling, incineration, pyrolysis, disposal, landfills etc.

What are the causes of solid wastes?

Causes of solid waste pollution are many. Every day, tons of solid wastes are disposed of at various landfills.

Major Causes of Solid Waste Pollution

  • Commercial establishments.
  • Residential houses.
  • Debris from construction and demolition.
  • Debris from roads (such as asphalt and scrap metal)
  • Scrap from vehicles.
  • Agriculture.

What measures can be used to control solid waste?

The principles of solid waste management are reduce, reuse and recycle. Measures of managing solid waste are Preparation of compost manure, Land filling, Incineration.

What are the main causes of waste?

The burning of fossil fuels like oil, gas or coal. The exhaust fumes from your vehicles. The mismanagement of landfill waste caused by garbage pollution. The harmful fragrance or off-gasing from plastic production, paints and so on.

What are the causes effects and control measures of urban and industrial waste?

Causes of Industrial Pollution

  • Lack of Policies to Control Pollution. …
  • Unplanned Industrial Growth. …
  • Use of Outdated Technologies. …
  • Presence of a Large Number of Small Scale Industries. …
  • Inefficient Waste Disposal. …
  • Leaching of Resources From Our Natural World. …
  • Natural Resource Use.
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What are the causes and effects of waste disposal?

Some waste will eventually rot, but not all, and in the process it may smell, or generate methane gas, which is explosive and contributes to the greenhouse effect. Leachate produced as waste decomposes may cause pollution. Badly-managed landfill sites may attract vermin or cause litter.

What are the control measures of urban and industrial solid wastes?

(i) Collection of Solid Wastes:

  • (a) Community storage point: …
  • (b) Kerbside Collection: …
  • (c) Block Collection: …
  • (1) Salvage or Manual Component Separation: …
  • (2) Compaction or Mechanical Volume Reduction: …
  • (3) Incineration or Thermal Volume Reduction: …
  • (4) Open Dumping: …
  • (5) Sanitary Landfilling or Controlled Tipping: