What are hotspots of biodiversity which are the hotspots found in India discuss their salient features?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

What are hotspots of biodiversity discuss their salient features?

1. It has two of the 25 identified biodiversity centres termed as hot spots, viz., Eastern Himalaya and Western Ghats. Hot spots are extremely rich in species and have high degree of endemism. They are under constant threat of loss of biodiversity, thus, need immediate conservation and protection.

What are the hotspots of biodiversity in India?

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

What are the salient features of biodiversity?

The salient features of the Biological Diversity Act are as follows.

  • Regulation of access to biological resources of the country.
  • Conservation and sustainability of biological diversity.
  • Protecting the knowledge of local communities regarding biodiversity.

What is called hotspots of biodiversity?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Some of these hotspots support up to 15,000 endemic plant species and some have lost up to 95% of their natural habitat.

IT IS AMAZING:  How do you recycle activated carbon?

What are hotspots of biodiversity class 12?

Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.

What is biodiversity hotspot Class 10?

The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.

Which are the hotspots found in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

How many hotspots are there in India 2021?

Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.

What are the salient features of Indian Biodiversity Act?

1) To regulate access to biological resources of the country with equitable share in benefits arising out of the use of biological resources. 2) To conserve and sustainably use biological diversity. 4) To create National , State and local biodiversity fund and its use for conservation of biodiversity.

What is Indian Bio Diversity Act 2002 explain salient features of benefits sharing?

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002. The act was enacted in 2002, it aims at the conservation of biological resources, managing its sustainable use and enabling fair and equitable sharing benefits arising out of the use and knowledge of biological resources with the local communities.

IT IS AMAZING:  Why do different climate zones have different characteristics?

What is Biodiversity Act in India?

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 is an Act enacted by the Parliament of India for the preservation of biological diversity in India, and provides mechanism for equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of traditional biological resources and knowledge.

Where are the biodiversity hotspots?

Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know

  • The Caribbean Islands. …
  • The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
  • Southeast Asia. …
  • The Philippines. …
  • The Horn of Africa. …
  • Madagascar. …
  • The California Coast.