What are environmental phenols?

Environmental phenols are a group of chemicals with widespread uses in consumer and personal care products, food and beverage processing, and in pesticides.

Where is phenol found in the environment?

Phenol is found to be present naturally in coal tar and creosote. It is also produced during natural fires, and through benzene degradation in the atmosphere under the influence of ultraviolet light radiation [14].

What are the dangers of phenol?

Phenol is considered to be quite toxic to humans via oral exposure. Anorexia, progressive weight loss, diarrhea, vertigo, salivation, a dark coloration of the urine, and blood and liver effects have been reported in chronically (long-term) exposed humans.

Is phenol teratogen?

In addition, studies have shown that although teratogenic effects have not been associated with exposure to phenol by either inhalation or oral route, high doses of phenol are fetotoxic.

How does phenol affect the environment?

Phenol, a waste product of industrial processes that is introduced into aquatic ecosystems, adversely affects the indigenous biota, including algae, protozoa, invertebrates, and vertebrates.

Is phenol biodegradable?

Phenol, or hydroxybenzene, is both a synthetically and naturally produced aromatic compound. Microorganisms capable of degrading phenol are common and include both aerobes and anaerobes. Phenol can also be degraded in the absence of oxygen. …

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Is phenol cancerous?

Cancer There is no evidence that phenol causes cancer in humans. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the EPA determined that phenol is not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity.

Is phenol spray safe?

Phenol spray is safe to use at the recommend dose for a short time. But using too much or giving it to children younger than 3-years old can be unsafe. Read the ingredients label carefully to make sure you’re not allergic to any other components of the spray.

Are phenols good for you?

Phenolic acids, readily absorbed through intestinal tract walls, are beneficial to human health due to their potential antioxidants and avert the damage of cells resulted from free-radical oxidation reactions. On regular eating, phenolic acids also promote the anti-inflammation capacity of human beings.

What products contain phenols?

Phenol is present in numerous consumer products that are swallowed, rubbed on or added to various parts of the body. These include ointments, ear and nose drops, cold sore lotions, mouthwashes, gargles, toothache drops, analgesic rubs, throat lozenges and antiseptic lotions.

Can phenol cause death?

Damage to the nervous system is the primary cause of death from phenol poisoning. However, damage to other organ systems (e.g., acid-base imbalance and acute kidney failure) may complicate the condition. Symptoms may be delayed for up to 18 hours after exposure.

Is phenol corrosive to metal?

Reactive with various chemicals and may be corrosive to lead, aluminum and its alloys, certain plastics, and rubber. Freezing point about 105°F.

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What is phenol in skincare?

According to Cosmetics Info, the cosmetic industry’s ingredient website, phenol is an exfoliant and also has antimicrobial qualities. … Phenol is also the chemical that is in throat spray drugs like Chloraseptic, and it has a mild numbing effect.

What is the nature of phenol?

Phenols are the organic compounds containing benzene ring bonded to a hydroxyl group. They are also known as carbolic acids. Phenols react with active metals like sodium, potassium to form phenoxide. This reaction of phenol with metals indicates its acidic nature.

How much phenol is toxic?

Phenol is a general protoplasmic poison (denatured protein) with corrosive local effects. Phenol derivates are less toxic than pure phenol. The lethal dose is between 3 to 30 g, but may be as little as 1 g. Phenol is well absorbed by inhalation, dermal application, and ingestion.