The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species. … Megadiversity means exhibiting great biodiversity. The main criterion for megadiverse countries is endemism at the level of species, genera and families.
What is mega biodiversity India?
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. These are concentrated in the floristically rich areas of North-East India, the Western Ghats, North-West Himalayas and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. … These areas constitute two of the 18 hot spots identified in the world.
What are mega biodiversity countries?
The identified Megadiverse Countries are: United States of America, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, China, and Australia.
How many mega biodiversity are there in India?
India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animals” according to the UN. It is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 45,500 plant species.
Why India is called mega biodiversity nation?
India is known for its rich heritage of biological diversity, having already documented more than 91,000 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its 10 biogeographical regions. Almost 6,500 native plants are still widely used in indigenous health care systems.
What is IUCN and WWF?
IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, today welcomed WWF International to its new office space at the IUCN Conservation Centre in Switzerland. … “IUCN and WWF have a long history of collaboration on important environmental and development issues.
How many mega biodiversity countries are there in the world by Ncert?
BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
That is what makes our country one of the 12 mega diversity countries of the world.
Which country is top mega diverse?
The most megadiverse country in the world is Brazil due mainly to the presence of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon has the most diverse plant and animal life on the planet, with many different life forms not being present anywhere else on earth.