The environmental requirements for the growth and development of both rice and wheat crops are contrastingly different. Rice grows best under soft, puddled and water-saturated soil conditions, while wheat requires a well-pulverized soil having fine tilth with a proper balance of moisture, air and thermal regime.
What are the different climate conditions needed to grow rice and wheat?
Temperature of Rice and wheat – Rice grows at a temperature of 20-degree centigrade to 27-degree centigrade and wheat is required at 15.5-degree centigrade. Rain-fall of Rice and Wheat – Rice needs a lot of rain. A minimum rainfall of 115 cm is required for paddy and wheat requires 38 cm to 80 cm rainfall.
What climatic conditions are required for rice to grow?
Rice crop needs a hot and humid climate. It is best suited to regions which have high humidity, prolonged sunshine and an assured supply of water. The average temperature required throughout the life period of the crop ranges from 21 to 37º C. Maximum temp which the crop can tolerate 400C to 42 0C.
What kind of climate is required to grow wheat?
It grows best when temperatures are warm, from 70° to 75° F (21° to 24° C), but not too hot. Wheat also needs a lot of sunshine, especially when the grains are filling. Areas with low humidity are better since many wheat diseases thrive in damp weather.
What are the conditions required for growing of wheat and rice Class 8?
Temperature of Rice and wheat – Rice grows in the temperature of 20-degree centigrade to 27- degree centigrade and Wheat is needed 15.5-degree centigrade. … Minimum 115 cm rainfall is required for paddy and Wheat requires 38 cm to 80 cm rainfall.
What are the climatic conditions required for growing rice Mcq?
(i) It is a Kharif crop which requires high temperature (above 25’C). (ii) High humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. (iii) In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.
What is the difference in climate required for growing rice and millets?
*Millet: Rice grows best in areas of warm, humid climate; rice requires temperatures between 20°C and 35°C and a well-distributed rainfall of about 100 cm or irrigation facilities.
What is the temperature of wheat?
The optimum temperature range for ideal germination of wheat seed is 20-25 C though the seeds can germinate in the temperature range 3.5 to 35 c. Rains just after sowing hamper germination and encourage seedling blight. Areas with a warm and damp climate are not suited for wheat growing.
What are the climatic conditions for growing wheat in India?
The ideal wheat climate has winter temperature 10° to 15°C and summer temperature varying from 21°C to 26°C. The temperature should be low at the time of sowing but as the harvesting time approaches higher temperatures are required for proper ripening of the crop.
Which climate and which conditions are necessary for production of different food grains?
A temperature of 21°C- 27°C and 50-100cm rainfall is suitable for its cultivation. Alternate spells of rains and sunny weather are ideal for maize. It is a Kharif Crop but in some states like Bihar, it is grown in the rabi season also. It grows well in alluvial and red soils with good drainage.
What are the conditions of rice production in India explain?
In India, North and North Eastern states are suitable for rice cultivation. Explanation: For rice cultivation, the humidity level should be high, the temperature should be more than 25 °C and the rainfall should be more than 100 cm. In areas where rainfall level is low, it is cultivated with the help of irrigation.
What are the climatic conditions required for the growth of wheat Class 10?
Wheat cultivation requires cool climate and medium rainfall. The ideal temperature needed in winters for the production of this crop is 10 degree to 15 degree celsius. The ideal temperature needed in summers for the production of this crop is 21 degree to 26 degree celsius.