Quick Answer: What are the core principle of agro ecology?

The five FAO principles for Sustainable Food and Agriculture are: 1) improving efficiency in the use of resources; 2) conserving, protecting and enhancing natural ecosystems; 3) protecting and improving rural livelihoods, equity and social well-being; 4) enhancing the resilience of people, communities and ecosystems; 5 …

What are the agro ecological factors?

The essential elements in defining an agro-ecological zone (or cell) are the growing period, temperature regime and soil mapping unit.

What are the features of agro ecological system?

Four system properties describe the behaviour of agro-ecosystems; productivity, stability, sustainability and equitability.

What are the basic components of agro ecosystem in agriculture?

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Agroecosystems

These services include soil structure and fertility enhancement, nutrient cycling, water provision, erosion control, pollination, and pest control, among others (Figure 2).

What is the importance of agroecology?

Agroecology improves the adaptive capacity of agroecosystems and reduces vulnerability to natural disasters, climate change impacts, and new and emerging environmental and economic system stresses and shocks.

What are ecological principles?

Some important fundamental concepts and principles of ecology in terms of eco-system may be outlined as follows: … Ecosystems are also functional units where in two biotic components, namely autotrophic and heterotrophic components are of major significance. 2.

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What is meant by agro ecology?

Definition Of Agroecology

Agroecology is the study of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. … It integrates practices such as organic farming, regenerative agriculture, some aspects of permaculture and therefore contributes to sustainable development.

What is the difference between ecology and agro ecology?

As nouns the difference between agroecology and ecology

is that agroecology is the application of ecology to agriculture while ecology is the branch of biology dealing with the relationships of organisms with their environment and with each other.

How many types of agro ecosystems are there?

1. Natural ecosystem.  Terrestrial ecosystem Forest, desert, grassland etc.  Aquatic ecosystem Fresh water, ponds, river, lake, marine, mangrove ecosystem etc.

What are the types of Agroecosystem?

Examples of relatively diverse traditional agroecosystems include shifting cultivation, traditional rainfed rice systems, home gardens, and traditional shade coffee and cacao systems. One common traditional agricultural system is shifting cultivation (also known as swidden or slash-and-burn agriculture).

What are agro systems?

Agrosystems are highly disturbed landscapes, characterized by a heterogeneous mosaic of habitats, strong spatial and temporal instability (Garder, 1996) and substantial reduction of the quality and quantity of seminatural areas (Benton et al., 2003; From: Advances in Ecological Research, 2017.

What are agroecology and its approach?

Agroecological approaches involve the application of integrated ecological, economic and social principles to the transition of smallholder farming systems, towards greater resilience. This involves adapting 13 generic agroecological principles to local circumstances.

What are suitable agroecological management strategies?

Various strategies to restore agricultural diversity in time and space include:

  • Crop Rotations. …
  • Polycultures. …
  • Agroforestry Systems. …
  • Cover Crops. …
  • Crop/Livestock Mixtures.
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