The changing intensity of radiation emitted by the sun. The radiation energy of the sun fluctuates over time and changes temperatures on Earth; Volcanic eruptions, which inject ash and sulphur compounds into the atmosphere, influence the Earth’s radiation budget and thus affect climate.
How does Earth’s climate work as a system?
Part of Hall of Planet Earth. Energy from the Sun drives climate by heating Earth’s surface unevenly. … The temperature difference sets the ocean and atmosphere in motion as they work together to distribute heat around the planet. Movement of heat by the atmosphere and ocean gives rise to climate and weather.
How do Earth’s systems produce weather and climate?
Earth’s orbit around the sun and its rotation on a tilted axis causes some parts of Earth to receive more solar radiation than others. This uneven heating produces global circulation patterns. For example, the abundance of energy reaching the equator produces hot humid air that rises high into the atmosphere.
Why is the climate system important?
It’s important that we understand how the climate is changing, so that we can prepare for the future. Studying the climate helps us predict how much rain the next winter might bring, or how far sea levels will rise due to warmer sea temperatures.
What are the 4 main components of Earth’s climate system?
The four connected components of Earth’s climate system: the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
How do climates and the controls of climate variability vary between the tropics and the middle and high latitudes?
Tropical latitudes are typically warmer than middle and high latitudes and have precipitation controlled by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. Details. … This zone controls the climate in the tropics. The tropics are closer to the equator, this means that they are warmer than the mid-latitudes and the high latitudes.
What makes up the climate?
Climate is defined as an area’s long-term weather patterns. … The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.
Which are the components that influence the climate system?
Its components The climate system, as defined in this Report, is an interactive system consisting of five major components: the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the cryosphere, the land surface and the biosphere, forced or influenced by various external forcing mechanisms, the most important of which is the Sun (see Figure …
Why the Earth’s climate system is important to the global warming?
The human impact on climate has greatly increased over the past hundred years. We release vast amounts of climate-relevant trace gases into the atmosphere. This changes the radiation balance of the atmosphere and leads to global warming.