Protected areas are the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation; they maintain key habitats, provide refugia, allow for species migration and movement, and ensure the maintenance of natural processes across the landscape.
How do protected areas protect biodiversity?
Protected areas are implemented for biodiversity conservation, often providing habitat and protection from hunting for threatened and endangered species. Protection helps maintain ecological processes that cannot survive in most intensely managed landscapes and seascapes.
Do protected areas increase biodiversity?
Protected areas are an efficient and effective means to address biodiversity loss, help buffer society from the effects of climate change, and maintain the critical ecosystem services on which all societies depend.
What are the benefits of protected areas?
Protected areas provide for life’s essentials. They protect natural resources that are critical to many people on earth. Within these areas, genetic diversity is permitted to evolve in response to natural selection pressures. These genetic resources are a source of many new products.
Why are protected areas & key biodiversity areas important?
They represent the most important sites for biodiversity conservation worldwide, and are identified nationally using globally standardised criteria and thresholds. Sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity, in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems.
Why is protecting nature important?
Conserving Land and Life. … Conservation is the care and protection of these resources so that they can persist for future generations. It includes maintaining diversity of species, genes, and ecosystems, as well as functions of the environment, such as nutrient cycling.
How do protected areas work?
The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) definition of a protected area is ‘a clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values’.
What are the economic benefits of tourism in protected areas?
In protected area tourism, local residents’ economic participation is an incentive for their support in conservation efforts, and limited economic opportunities probably reduce or disable such incentives. In addition, some natural resources are being explored and developed with the development of tourism.
Why is biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.