In agriculture, biodiversity is also useful for humans: genetic diversity in crops and livestock helps guard our food supply against disease and other threats. Unfortunately, industrial agriculture prioritizes consistency and productivity over biodiversity, and relies on only a few varieties of plants and animals.
How do farmers benefit from biodiversity?
Benefits. The benefits of incorporating biodiversity into agriculture range from enhancing soil health, habitat establishment, biological pest control, nutrient cycling, erosion resistance, fertilizer reduction, infiltration, and the prevention of runoff into waterways.
How biodiversity is used in agriculture?
Biodiversity is essential to food and agriculture
It supplies many vital ecosystem services, such as creating and maintaining healthy soils, pollinating plants, controlling pests and providing habitat for wildlife, including for fish and other species that are vital to food production and agricultural livelihoods.
Why is biodiversity important on farms?
Farming depends on Biodiversity to carry out important services such as: Pollination: pollinating insects such as bumblebees, solitary bees are vital for the pollination of crops and wildflowers. Soil health: earthworms are essential for good soil fertility. Soils are home to over a quarter of living species on earth.
How can a farm increase biodiversity?
When a biodiverse farm allows more species to thrive, many return the favor by naturally pollinating crops and preying upon pests.
In what ways biodiversity will be affected by farming activities?
Industrial agriculture also wreaks havoc on biodiversity within soil. Communities of insects and other invertebrates have their habitats disturbed when farmers plow up soil, interrupting their ability to recycle dead plants into the rich, stable organic carbon that makes soils fertile.
What is biodiversity on a farm?
Biodiversity refers to the variety of plants, animals and microorganisms above and below the soil that interact within an ecosystem. … Crop diversity, crop rotations, intercropping, cover cropping, conservation tillage and incorporation of organic matter are all important components of farm biodiversity.
How does biodiversity affect the daily production and functions of the farmers?
Agricultural biodiversity provides humans with food and raw materials for goods – such as cotton for clothing, wood for shelter and fuel, plants and roots for medicines, and materials for biofuels – and with incomes and livelihoods, including those derived from subsistence farming.
What is the importance of biodiversity to agriculture essay?
Biological diversity is important to agriculture because crop genetic diversity has a critical role to play in increasing and sustaining production levels and nutritional throughout the full range of different agroecological(the study of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems) conditions.