India’s place in mega diversity in countries of the world is 12th.
How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity of the world?
India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
What are the 12 mega diversity countries of the world?
Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.
What is rank of India in bio diversity?
Currently the rank of India is 11 among the bio-diverse region and it is topped by Africa with the largest number of Hotspots.
How many mega biodiversity centers are there in India?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
What place does India hold in the world in plant diversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said.
How many hotspots of biodiversity are there in the world?
There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.
Why India called mega diversity country?
The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.
Why India is a mega biodiversity country?
Biogeographically, India is situated at the tri-junction of three realms Afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them. This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity.
Why India is called a mega biodiversity Centre how many hotspots are present in India?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. … The region is also heavily influenced by summer monsoons that cause major seasonal changes in vegetation and habitat.
Which country is the most biodiverse?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Who is the father of biodiversity?
His biological specialty is myrmecology, the study of ants, on which he has been called the world’s leading expert. Wilson has been called “the father of sociobiology” and “the father of biodiversity” for his environmental advocacy, and his secular-humanist and deist ideas pertaining to religious and ethical matters.
Is Venezuela mega biodiversity Centre?
Located in a tropical climate, Venezuela holds one of the 17 positions of megadiverse countries. This climate provides the perfect growing environment for around 21,000 plant species.