Depending on the altitude, the climate varies from semi-tropical to alpine (For every 1,000 m height increase the temperature drops about 7 degree Celsius). In Southern Bhutan, the climate is tropical in the monsoon season and may range from 15 degree Celsius in winter to 30 degree Celsius in summer.
What are the factors affecting the climate of Bhutan?
The climate in Bhutan is extremely varied, which can be attributed to two main factors-the vast differences in altitude present in the country and the influence of North Indian monsoons. Southern Bhutan has a hot and humid subtropical climate that is fairly unchanging throughout the year.
How does the altitude of the land affect climate?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
How latitude affect the climate of Bhutan?
The geographic co-ordinates of Bhutan is Latitude 27.5 N and Longitude 90.5 E. … Another factor that influence the Climate of Bhutan is annual seasonal cycle, which brings the climatic changes in annual cycle. As a whole the climatic conditions varies from sub-tropical in south to the Alpine in the north.
How is the climate in Bhutan?
The centre enjoys sub-tropical climate with very cool winters while the northern parts of the country have harsh climate including snowfall two to three times every winter. … In the high mountain regions the average temperature varies from 0°C in winter to10°C in summer, with an average of 350mm of rain.
What factors are affecting climate?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
How is climate different from weather?
Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.
How do altitude and slope affect the climate?
At higher altitudes, the air is less dense and air molecules are more spread out and less likely to collide. A location in the mountains has lower average temperatures than one at the base of the mountains. … rainshadow effect, which brings warm, dry climate to the leeward side of a mountain range (Figure below).
What is altitude in climate?
Altitude and Climate:
Altitude describes how high a certain point is located above sea level or ground level. Climate, often confused with short-term weather trends, describes the long-term prevailing weather patterns of a region. For example, the American Southwest has a climate that is dry and hot.
How does altitude affect climate patterns in the region?
The altitude affects the climate because the higher the altitude, the cooler and harsher the climate. Also, if the latitude is to 0 degrees, the hotter the temperature and the more humidity in the atmosphere.
How does wind affect temperature?
Wind chill is based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused by wind and cold. As the wind increases, it draws heat from the body, driving down skin temperature and eventually the internal body temperature. Therefore, the wind makes it FEEL much colder.
Which heat zone does Bhutan lie?
Broadly, Bhutan has three climatic zones: sub tropical in the south, temperate in the middle and sub alpine to the north.
What type of climate would prevail in Bhutan if there were no Himalaya?
Hot and humid subtropical climate would prevail in bhutan.
This type of climate fairly unchanging throughout the year. Temperatures can vary between 15 to 30 degrees Celsius.
What are the three climatic zones of Bhutan?
As explained below, Bhutan can be divided into three climatic zones: (1) subtropical; (2) mid-Montana; and (3) Alpine. The subtropical zone lies at an altitude of about 1,800 m (5,900 ft.), between the foothills along the Indo-Bhutan border and the mid-Montana ranges.
What are the 4 climate zones of Bhutan?
Bhutan is classified into eight bio-geographic ecological zones within the three altitudinal regions. The first is co-terminus with the Himalayan altitudinal region. The next four zones (West, West-Central, East-Central, and East) cover the temperate altitudinal region.
Which is the coldest place in Bhutan?
Coldest place – Gangtey Monastery
- Wangdue Phodrang District.
- Gangtey – Places to Visit.
- Gangtey Monastery.